glycerol
Glycerin Glyc"er*in, Glycerine Glyc"er*ine, n. [F. glyc['e]rine, fr. Gr. glykero`s, glyky`s, sweet. Cf. {Glucose}, {Licorice}.] (Chem.) An oily, viscous liquid, {C3H5(OH)3}, colorless and odorless, and with a hot, sweetish taste, existing in the natural fats and oils as the base, combined with various acids, as oleic, margaric, stearic, and palmitic. It may be obtained by saponification of fats and oils. It is a triatomic alcohol, and hence is also called {glycerol}. See Note under {Gelatin}. [1913 Webster]

Note: It is obtained from fats by saponification, or, on a large scale, by the action of superheated steam. It is used as an ointment, as a solvent and vehicle for medicines, and as an adulterant in wine, beer, etc. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glycerol — Glycérol Glycérol Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Glycérol — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • glycérol — [ gliserɔl ] n. m. • 1905; de glycérine et ol ♦ Chim. Glycérine. ● glycérol nom masculin Trialcool de formule HOCH2―CHOH―CH2OH. Alcool de l organisme, constituant des lipides et source d énergie. glycérol ou glycerol [gliseʀɔl] n. m. ÉTYM. 1905,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glycerol — Glyc er*ol, n. (Chem.) Same as {Glycerin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glycerol — glycerol. См. глицерол. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • glycerol — 1884, from GLYCERINE (Cf. glycerine) + OL (Cf. ol), suffix denoting alcohols …   Etymology dictionary

  • glycerol — ► NOUN ▪ a colourless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a by product in soap manufacture, used as an emollient and laxative …   English terms dictionary

  • glycerol — [glis′ər ôl΄, glis′ərōl΄] n. [ GLYCER(IN) + OL1] an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid, C3H5 (OH) 3, prepared by the hydrolysis of fats and oils: it is used as a solvent, skin lotion, food preservative, etc., and in the manufacture of explosives …   English World dictionary

  • Glycerol — Glycerine and Glycerin redirect here. For the Bush song, see Glycerine (song). Glycerol …   Wikipedia

  • glycerol — /glis euh rawl , rol /, n. a colorless, odorless, syrupy, sweet liquid, C3H8O3, usually obtained by the saponification of natural fats and oils: used for sweetening and preserving food, in the manufacture of cosmetics, perfumes, inks, and certain …   Universalium

  • Glycerol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Glycerin Andere Namen Glycerol 1,2,3 Propantriol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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