Glacier Gla"cier, n. [F. glacier, fr. glace ice, L. glacies.] An immense field or stream of ice, formed in the region of perpetual snow, and moving slowly down a mountain slope or valley, as in the Alps, or over an extended area, as in Greenland. [1913 Webster]

Note: The mass of compacted snow forming the upper part of a glacier is called the firn, or n['e]v['e]; the glacier proper consist of solid ice, deeply crevassed where broken up by irregularities in the slope or direction of its path. A glacier usually carries with it accumulations of stones and dirt called moraines, which are designated, according to their position, as lateral, medial, or terminal (see {Moraine}). The common rate of flow of the Alpine glaciers is from ten to twenty inches per day in summer, and about half that in winter. [1913 Webster]

{Glacier theory} (Geol.), the theory that large parts of the frigid and temperate zones were covered with ice during the glacial, or ice, period, and that, by the agency of this ice, the loose materials on the earth's surface, called drift or diluvium, were transported and accumulated. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glacier — Glacier, WA U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 90 Housing Units (2000): 228 Land area (2000): 3.007073 sq. miles (7.788284 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.007073 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Glacier — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Shoegazing, Independent Psychedelic Rock Gründung 2005 Website …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • glacier — 1. (gla sié ; l r ne se lie jamais ; au pluriel, l s se lie : des gla sié z immenses) s. m. Amas considérable de glace qu on ne rencontre que dans les hautes vallées des montagnes. Les glaciers de la Savoie. Les observateurs ont reconnu que les… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • glacier — 1744, from Fr. glacier, from Savoy dialect glacière moving mass of ice, from O.Fr. glace ice, from V.L. glacia (Cf. O.Prov. glassa, It. ghiaccia), from L. glacies (see GLACIAL (Cf. glacial)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Glacier — (fr., spr. Glasiëh), Eisberg, Gletscher …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Glacier — (franz., spr. glaßjĕ), Eishändler; Gletscher, Eisberg; Glacière, Eiskeller, Eisgrube …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Glacier — (frz., spr. ßĭeh), Eisberg, Gletscher; Glacière (spr. ßĭähr), Eiskeller; glacieren (spr. glaß ), mit einer glatten, glänzenden Fläche überziehen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • glacier — [n] mountain of ice, snow berg, floe, glacial mass, iceberg, icecap, ice field, ice floe, snow slide; concept 509 …   New thesaurus

  • glacier — ► NOUN ▪ a slowly moving mass of ice formed by the accumulation of snow on mountains or near the poles. ORIGIN French, from glace ice …   English terms dictionary

  • glacier — [glā′shər; ] chiefly Brit [, glā′sē ər] n. [Fr (orig., Savoy dial. > also Ger gletscher) < VL * glaciarium < glacia, for L glacies, ice: see GLACIAL] a large mass of ice and snow that forms in areas where the rate of snowfall constantly… …   English World dictionary

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