Gill
Gill Gill (g[i^]l), n. [Dan. gi[ae]lle, gelle; akin to Sw. g["a]l, Icel. gj["o]lnar gills; cf. AS. geagl, geahl, jaw.] 1. (Anat.) An organ for aquatic respiration; a branchia. [1913 Webster]

Fishes perform respiration under water by the gills. --Ray. [1913 Webster]

Note: Gills are usually lamellar or filamentous appendages, through which the blood circulates, and in which it is exposed to the action of the air contained in the water. In vertebrates they are appendages of the visceral arches on either side of the neck. In invertebrates they occupy various situations. [1913 Webster]

2. pl. (Bot.) The radiating, gill-shaped plates forming the under surface of a mushroom. [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) The fleshy flap that hangs below the beak of a fowl; a wattle. [1913 Webster]

4. The flesh under or about the chin. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

5. (Spinning) One of the combs of closely ranged steel pins which divide the ribbons of flax fiber or wool into fewer parallel filaments. [Prob. so called from F. aiguilles, needles. --Ure.] [1913 Webster]

{Gill arches}, {Gill bars}. (Anat.) Same as {Branchial arches}.

{Gill clefts}. (Anat.) Same as {Branchial clefts}. See under {Branchial}.

{Gill cover}, {Gill lid}. See {Operculum}.

{Gill frame}, or {Gill head} (Flax Manuf.), a spreader; a machine for subjecting flax to the action of gills. --Knight.

{Gill net}, a flat net so suspended in the water that its meshes allow the heads of fish to pass, but catch in the gills when they seek to extricate themselves.

{Gill opening}, or {Gill slit} (Anat.), an opening behind and below the head of most fishes, and some amphibians, by which the water from the gills is discharged. In most fishes there is a single opening on each side, but in the sharks and rays there are five, or more, on each side.

{Gill rakes}, or {Gill rakers} (Anat.), horny filaments, or progresses, on the inside of the branchial arches of fishes, which help to prevent solid substances from being carried into gill cavities. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • gill — ● gill nom masculin (anglais gill) Mesure de capacité qui vaut environ 0,142 litre en Angleterre et 0,118 litre aux États Unis. ● gill nom masculin (anglais gill, lamelle) Peigne en forme de barrette, portant des aiguilles fines, utilisé sur les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gill — Gill, n. [Abbrev. from Gillian.] 1. A young woman; a sweetheart; a flirting or wanton girl. Each Jack with his Gill. B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) The ground ivy ({Nepeta Glechoma}); called also {gill over the ground}, and other like names …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gill — gill; gill·er; gill·more; as·per·gill; …   English syllables

  • Gill — ist eine Maßeinheit des Raums (Trocken , Flüssigkeitsmaß). Einheitenzeichen: Imp.gi., Imp.gl., US liquid gi., US liquid gl., US.liq.gi. 1 gallon = 4 quart = 8 pint = 16 cup = 32 gill 1 Imp.gi. = 5 Imp.fl.oz = 40 Imp.fl.dr. = 2400 Imp.min. =… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gill — Ⅰ. gill [1] ► NOUN 1) the paired respiratory organ of fishes and some amphibians. 2) the vertical plates on the underside of mushrooms and many toadstools. 3) (gills) the wattles or dewlap of a fowl. ► VERB ▪ gut or clean (a fish) …   English terms dictionary

  • Gill — Gill, n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A two wheeled frame for transporting timber. [Prov. Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gill — Gill, n. A leech. [Also {gell}.] [Scot.] Jameison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gill — Gill, n. [Icel. gil.] A woody glen; a narrow valley containing a stream. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gill — Gill, n. [OF. gille, gelle, a sort of measure for wine, LL. gillo, gello., Cf. {Gallon}.] A measure of capacity, containing one fourth of a pint. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gill — jil n either of two units of capacity: a) a British unit equal to 1/4 imperial pint or 8.669 cubic inches b) a U.S. liquid unit equal to 1/4 U.S. liquid pint or 7.218 cubic inches gill gil n 1) an organ (as of a fish) for obtaining oxygen from… …   Medical dictionary

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