geography ge*og"ra*phy, n.; pl. {Geographies}. [F. g['e]ographie, l. geographia, fr. Gr. ?; ge`a, gh^, the earth + ? description, fr. ? to write, describe. 1. The science which treats of the world and its inhabitants; a description of the earth, or a portion of the earth, including its structure, features, products, political divisions, and the people by whom it is inhabited. It also includes the responses and adaptations of people to topography, climate, soil and vegetation [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

2. A treatise on this science. [1913 Webster]

{Astronomical geography}, {or Mathematical geography}, treats of the earth as a planet, of its shape, its size, its lines of latitude and longitude, its zones, and the phenomena due to to the earth's diurnal and annual motions.

{Physical geography} treats of the conformation of the earth's surface, of the distribution of land and water, of minerals, plants, animals, etc., and applies the principles of physics to the explanation of the diversities of climate, productions, etc.

{Political geography} treats of the different countries into which earth is divided with regard to political and social and institutions and conditions. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geography — (from Greek γεωγραφία geografia ) is the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. [cite web |title=Geography |work=The American Heritage Dictionary/ of the English Language, Fourth Edition |publisher=Houghton… …   Wikipedia

  • geography — [jē äg′rə fē] n. pl. geographies [L geographia < Gr geōgraphia, geography < geō (see GEO ) + graphein, to write: see GRAPHIC] 1. the descriptive science dealing with the surface of the earth, its division into continents and countries, and… …   English World dictionary

  • geography — UK US /dʒiˈɒgrəfi/ noun ► [C] (plural geographies) an area where a company operates or sells a product: »The company added that there had been a business slowdown in all geographies …   Financial and business terms

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  • geography — 1540s, from M.Fr. géographie (15c.), from L. geographia, from Gk. geographia description of the earth s surface, from GEO (Cf. geo ) earth + graphia description (see GRAPHY (Cf. graphy)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • geography — [n] the earth’s features; study of land cartography, chorography, earth science, geology, geopolitical study, geopolitics, physiographics, physiography, topography, topology; concepts 349,509 …   New thesaurus

  • geography — ► NOUN 1) the study of the physical features of the earth and of human activity as it relates to these. 2) the relative arrangement of places and physical features. DERIVATIVES geographer noun …   English terms dictionary

  • geography — /jee og reuh fee/, n., pl. geographies. 1. the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth s surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil,… …   Universalium

  • GEOGRAPHY — In the Bible The geographic horizon in the early biblical period was the lu aḥ ha ammim, a table of 70 nations listed in Genesis 10. The identification of the names and the location of the countries are the subject of differences of opinion among …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • geography — ge|og|ra|phy [dʒiˈɔgrəfi, ˈdʒɔg US dʒiˈa:g ] n [U] [Date: 1400 1500; : Latin; Origin: geographia, from Greek, describing the Earth , from ge ( GEO ) + graphein to write ] 1.) the study of the countries, oceans, rivers, mountains, cities etc of… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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