Genus Ge"nus (j[=e]"n[u^]s), n.; pl. {Genera}. [L., birth, race, kind, sort; akin to Gr. ?. See {Gender}, and cf. {Benign}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Logic) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a species; a precisely defined and exactly divided class; one of the five predicable conceptions, or sorts of terms. [1913 Webster]

2. (Biol.) An assemblage of species, having so many fundamental points of structure in common, that in the judgment of competent scientists, they may receive a common substantive name. A genus is not necessarily the lowest definable group of species, for it may often be divided into several subgenera. In proportion as its definition is exact, it is natural genus; if its definition can not be made clear, it is more or less an artificial genus. [1913 Webster]

Note: Thus in the animal kingdom the lion, leopard, tiger, cat, and panther are species of the Cat kind or genus, while in the vegetable kingdom all the species of oak form a single genus. Some genera are represented by a multitude of species, as Solanum (Nightshade) and Carex (Sedge), others by few, and some by only one known species. [1913 Webster]

{Subaltern genus} (Logic), a genus which may be a species of a higher genus, as the genus denoted by quadruped, which is also a species of mammal.

{Summum genus} [L.] (Logic), the highest genus; a genus which can not be classed as a species, as being. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genus — Sn Geschlecht, Art, Gattung per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Im Neuhochdeutschen entlehnt aus l. genus ( eris) Geschlecht, Art , einer Ableitung aus l. gignere hervorbringen . In der Bedeutung grammatisches Geschlecht Lehnbedeutung aus …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Genus — »Art, Gattung; grammatisches Geschlecht«: Das Fremdwort ist eine nhd. Entlehnung aus lat. genus »Geschlecht; Gesamtheit der Nachkommenschaft; Art, Gattung«, das identisch ist mit griech. génos. Beide sind Nominalbildungen zu dem idg. Verbalstamm… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • genus — (pl. genera), 1550s as a term of logic, kind or class of things (biological sense dates from c.1600), from L. genus (gen. generis) race, stock, kind; family, birth, descent, origin, cognate with Gk. genos race, kind, and gonos birth, offspring,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • genus — (izg. gȅnus) m DEFINICIJA lingv. nadređeni pojam, v. nadređen ETIMOLOGIJA lat …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • genus — [jē′nəs] n. pl. genera [jen′ər ə] or genuses [L, birth, origin, race, species, kind < IE base * ĝen , to beget, produce > L gignere, to beget, gens, clan, Gr genos, race, gignesthai, to be born, Ger kind, child, OE (ge)cynd, KIND, cennan,… …   English World dictionary

  • Genus —         (лат.) род. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983 …   Философская энциклопедия

  • genus — См. Род (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • genus — genus. См. род. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Genus — (lat.), 1) Geschlecht, Gattung; Art u. Weise; 2) (Grammat.), das theils durch die Bedeutung, theils durch die Endung bedingte Geschlecht ist dreifach: Masculinum, männliches, Femininum, weibliches, u. Neutrum. keines von beiden od. sächliches… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Genus — (lat., Mehrzahl Genera), Geschlecht, in der Zoologie, Botanik und Mineralogie soviel wie Gattung (s.d.). – In der Grammatik ist das G. oder Geschlecht der Substantiva ein dreifaches: G. masculinum, männliches, G. femininum, weibliches, G. neutrum …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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