General homology
Homology Ho*mol"o*gy, n. [Gr. ? agreement. See {Homologous}.] 1. The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the homologyof similar polygons. [1913 Webster]

2. (Biol.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in contradistinction to similarity of function; as, the relation in structure between the leg and arm of a man; or that between the arm of a man, the fore leg of a horse, the wing of a bird, and the fin of a fish, all these organs being modifications of one type of structure. [1913 Webster]

Note: Homology indicates genetic relationship, and according to Haeckel special homology should be defined in terms of identity of embryonic origin. See {Homotypy}, and {Homogeny}. [1913 Webster]

3. (Chem.) The correspondence or resemblance of substances belonging to the same type or series; a similarity of composition varying by a small, regular difference, and usually attended by a regular variation in physical properties; as, there is an homology between methane, {CH4}, ethane, {C2H6}, propane, {C3H8}, etc., all members of the paraffin series. In an extended sense, the term is applied to the relation between chemical elements of the same group; as, chlorine, bromine, and iodine are said to be in homology with each other. Cf. {Heterology}. [1913 Webster]

{General homology} (Biol.), the higher relation which a series of parts, or a single part, bears to the fundamental or general type on which the group is constituted. --Owen.

{Serial homology} (Biol.), representative or repetitive relation in the segments of the same organism, -- as in the lobster, where the parts follow each other in a straight line or series. --Owen. See {Homotypy}.

{Special homology} (Biol.), the correspondence of a part or organ with those of a different animal, as determined by relative position and connection. --Owen. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Homology — Ho*mol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? agreement. See {Homologous}.] 1. The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the homologyof similar polygons. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in contradistinction …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Homology modeling — Homology modeling, also known as comparative modeling of protein refers to constructing an atomic resolution model of the target protein from its amino acid sequence and an experimental three dimensional structure of a related homologous protein… …   Wikipedia

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  • Homology theory — In mathematics, homology theory is the axiomatic study of the intuitive geometric idea of homology of cycles on topological spaces. It can be broadly defined as the study of homology theories on topological spaces. Simple explanation At the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Serial homology — Homology Ho*mol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? agreement. See {Homologous}.] 1. The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the homologyof similar polygons. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Special homology — Homology Ho*mol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? agreement. See {Homologous}.] 1. The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the homologyof similar polygons. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Intersection homology — In topology, a branch of mathematics, intersection homology is an analogue of singular homology especially well suited for the study of singular spaces, discovered by Mark Goresky and Robert MacPherson in the fall of 1974 and developed by them… …   Wikipedia

  • Floer homology — is a mathematical tool used in the study of symplectic geometry and low dimensional topology. First introduced by Andreas Floer in his proof of the Arnold conjecture in symplectic geometry, Floer homology is a novel homology theory arising as an… …   Wikipedia

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