General court-martial
General Gen"er*al, a. [F. g['e]n['e]ral, fr. L. generalis. See {Genus}.] 1. Relating to a genus or kind; pertaining to a whole class or order; as, a general law of animal or vegetable economy. [1913 Webster]

2. Comprehending many species or individuals; not special or particular; including all particulars; as, a general inference or conclusion. [1913 Webster]

3. Not restrained or limited to a precise import; not specific; vague; indefinite; lax in signification; as, a loose and general expression. [1913 Webster]

4. Common to many, or the greatest number; widely spread; prevalent; extensive, though not universal; as, a general opinion; a general custom. [1913 Webster]

This general applause and cheerful shout Argue your wisdom and your love to Richard. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. Having a relation to all; common to the whole; as, Adam, our general sire. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

6. As a whole; in gross; for the most part. [1913 Webster]

His general behavior vain, ridiculous. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. Usual; common, on most occasions; as, his general habit or method. [1913 Webster]

Note: The word general, annexed to a name of office, usually denotes chief or superior; as, attorney-general; adjutant general; commissary general; quartermaster general; vicar-general, etc. [1913 Webster]

{General agent} (Law), an agent whom a principal employs to transact all his business of a particular kind, or to act in his affairs generally.

{General assembly}. See the Note under {Assembly}.

{General average}, {General Court}. See under {Average}, {Court}.

{General court-martial} (Mil.), the highest military and naval judicial tribunal.

{General dealer} (Com.), a shopkeeper who deals in all articles in common use.

{General demurrer} (Law), a demurrer which objects to a pleading in general terms, as insufficient, without specifying the defects. --Abbott.

{General epistle}, a canonical epistle.

{General guides} (Mil.), two sergeants (called the right, and the left, general guide) posted opposite the right and left flanks of an infantry battalion, to preserve accuracy in marching. --Farrow.

{General hospitals} (Mil.), hospitals established to receive sick and wounded sent from the field hospitals. --Farrow.

{General issue} (Law), an issue made by a general plea, which traverses the whole declaration or indictment at once, without offering any special matter to evade it. --Bouvier. --Burrill.

{General lien} (Law), a right to detain a chattel, etc., until payment is made of any balance due on a general account.

{General officer} (Mil.), any officer having a rank above that of colonel.

{General orders} (Mil.), orders from headquarters published to the whole command.

{General practitioner}, in the United States, one who practices medicine in all its branches without confining himself to any specialty; in England, one who practices both as physician and as surgeon.

{General ship}, a ship not chartered or let to particular parties.

{General term} (Logic), a term which is the sign of a general conception or notion.

{General verdict} (Law), the ordinary comprehensive verdict in civil actions, ``for the plaintiff'' or ``for the defendant''. --Burrill.

{General warrant} (Law), a warrant, now illegal, to apprehend suspected persons, without naming individuals.

Syn: Syn. {General}, {Common}, {Universal}.

Usage: Common denotes primarily that in which many share; and hence, that which is often met with. General is stronger, denoting that which pertains to a majority of the individuals which compose a genus, or whole. Universal, that which pertains to all without exception. To be able to read and write is so common an attainment in the United States, that we may pronounce it general, though by no means universal. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • general court–martial — n: a court martial consisting of a military judge and usu. at least five members and having authority to impose a sentence of dishonorable discharge or death compare special court martial, summary court martial Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law …   Law dictionary

  • general court-martial — n. the highest military court, for judging the gravest offenses: it consists of five or more officers or enlisted men, and can impose the death sentence …   English World dictionary

  • general court martial — See Court Martial …   Black's law dictionary

  • general court martial — See Court Martial …   Black's law dictionary

  • general court-martial — noun : a court martial consisting of at least five officers one of whom is a law member and having authority to impose a sentence of dishonorable discharge or death compare special court martial, summary court martial …   Useful english dictionary

  • general court-martial — a court martial having the authority to try any offense against military law and to impose a sentence of dishonorable discharge or of death when provided by law. [1805 15] * * * …   Universalium

  • general court-martial — military court, naval court …   English contemporary dictionary

  • general court-martial — The highest in rank of the three kinds of courts martial, conducted before a body of at least five persons who shall be commissioned officers, except as one of them must be an enlisted man where the accused, an enlisted man, so demands, and… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Court-martial — redirects here. For other uses, see Court Martial (disambiguation). The field court martial of the Finnish 15th Brigade in July 1944 A court martial (plural courts martial, as martial is postpositive) is a military court. A court martial is… …   Wikipedia

  • court-martial — n. (1) A military court that hears cases involving members of the armed forces. (2) A trial or proceeding before a military court. v. To try someone in a court martial. pl. courts martial or court martials The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx… …   Law dictionary

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