General average
General Gen"er*al, a. [F. g['e]n['e]ral, fr. L. generalis. See {Genus}.] 1. Relating to a genus or kind; pertaining to a whole class or order; as, a general law of animal or vegetable economy. [1913 Webster]

2. Comprehending many species or individuals; not special or particular; including all particulars; as, a general inference or conclusion. [1913 Webster]

3. Not restrained or limited to a precise import; not specific; vague; indefinite; lax in signification; as, a loose and general expression. [1913 Webster]

4. Common to many, or the greatest number; widely spread; prevalent; extensive, though not universal; as, a general opinion; a general custom. [1913 Webster]

This general applause and cheerful shout Argue your wisdom and your love to Richard. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. Having a relation to all; common to the whole; as, Adam, our general sire. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

6. As a whole; in gross; for the most part. [1913 Webster]

His general behavior vain, ridiculous. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. Usual; common, on most occasions; as, his general habit or method. [1913 Webster]

Note: The word general, annexed to a name of office, usually denotes chief or superior; as, attorney-general; adjutant general; commissary general; quartermaster general; vicar-general, etc. [1913 Webster]

{General agent} (Law), an agent whom a principal employs to transact all his business of a particular kind, or to act in his affairs generally.

{General assembly}. See the Note under {Assembly}.

{General average}, {General Court}. See under {Average}, {Court}.

{General court-martial} (Mil.), the highest military and naval judicial tribunal.

{General dealer} (Com.), a shopkeeper who deals in all articles in common use.

{General demurrer} (Law), a demurrer which objects to a pleading in general terms, as insufficient, without specifying the defects. --Abbott.

{General epistle}, a canonical epistle.

{General guides} (Mil.), two sergeants (called the right, and the left, general guide) posted opposite the right and left flanks of an infantry battalion, to preserve accuracy in marching. --Farrow.

{General hospitals} (Mil.), hospitals established to receive sick and wounded sent from the field hospitals. --Farrow.

{General issue} (Law), an issue made by a general plea, which traverses the whole declaration or indictment at once, without offering any special matter to evade it. --Bouvier. --Burrill.

{General lien} (Law), a right to detain a chattel, etc., until payment is made of any balance due on a general account.

{General officer} (Mil.), any officer having a rank above that of colonel.

{General orders} (Mil.), orders from headquarters published to the whole command.

{General practitioner}, in the United States, one who practices medicine in all its branches without confining himself to any specialty; in England, one who practices both as physician and as surgeon.

{General ship}, a ship not chartered or let to particular parties.

{General term} (Logic), a term which is the sign of a general conception or notion.

{General verdict} (Law), the ordinary comprehensive verdict in civil actions, ``for the plaintiff'' or ``for the defendant''. --Burrill.

{General warrant} (Law), a warrant, now illegal, to apprehend suspected persons, without naming individuals.

Syn: Syn. {General}, {Common}, {Universal}.

Usage: Common denotes primarily that in which many share; and hence, that which is often met with. General is stronger, denoting that which pertains to a majority of the individuals which compose a genus, or whole. Universal, that which pertains to all without exception. To be able to read and write is so common an attainment in the United States, that we may pronounce it general, though by no means universal. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • General average — Average Av er*age, n. [OF. average, LL. averagium, prob. fr. OF. aver, F. avoir, property, horses, cattle, etc.; prop. infin., to have, from L. habere to have. Cf. F. av[ e]rage small cattle, and avarie (perh. of different origin) damage to ship… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • general average — that part of the law merchant that provides that a loss incurred to save a vessel or cargo is distributed between all those benefiting thereby as parties to the maritime adventure. This encourages the jettisoning of cargo for the safety of all.… …   Law dictionary

  • General average — The law of general average is a legal principle of maritime law according to which all parties in a sea venture proportionally share any losses resulting from a voluntary sacrifice of part of the ship or cargo to save the whole in an emergency.… …   Wikipedia

  • general average — Provision in maritime law where all shippers on a given voyage would reimburse the ship line in the event of vessel sinking or catastrophic damage. It also provides for the reimbursement to those shippers whose cargo was thrown overboard in order …   Financial and business terms

  • general average — A contribution by all the parties in a sea adventure to make good the loss sustained by one of their number on account of sacrifices voluntary made of part of the ship or cargo to save the residue and the lives of those on board from an impending …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • general average — Gross Gross, a. [Compar. {Grosser}; superl. {Grossest}.] [F. gros, L. grossus, perh. fr. L. crassus thick, dense, fat, E. crass, cf. Skr. grathita tied together, wound up, hardened. Cf. {Engross}, {Grocer}, {Grogram}.] 1. Great; large; bulky;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • general average — noun : a loss that arises from the voluntary sacrifice of part of a ship or cargo to save the residue of the ship or cargo or from extraordinary expenses incurred in protecting the interests involved under pressure of a common risk and that is… …   Useful english dictionary

  • general average — Insurance. any damage or loss to a ship or its cargo voluntarily sustained, as freight jettisoned in a storm, by all parties to a voyage (distinguished from particular average). Abbr.: G.A. [1690 1700] * * * …   Universalium

  • general average — GA See average …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • general average — noun Law the apportionment of financial liability for the loss arising from the jettisoning of a ship s cargo by dividing the costs among all those whose property was preserved by the action …   English new terms dictionary

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