Gelatine
Gelatin Gel"a*tin, Gelatine Gel"a*tine, n. [F. g['e]latine, fr. L. gelare to congeal. See {Geal}.] (Chem.) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.), a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's-foot jelly, isinglass, glue, etc. It is used as food, but its nutritious qualities are of a low order. [1913 Webster]

Note: Both spellings, gelatin and gelatine, are in good use, but the tendency of writers on physiological chemistry favors the form in -in, as in the United States Dispensatory, the United States Pharmacop[oe]ia, Fownes' Watts' Chemistry, Brande & Cox's Dictionary. [1913 Webster]

{Blasting gelatin}, an explosive, containing about ninety-five parts of nitroglycerin and five of collodion.

{Gelatin process}, a name applied to a number of processes in the arts, involving the use of gelatin. Especially: (a) (Photog.) A dry-plate process in which gelatin is used as a substitute for collodion as the sensitized material. This is the dry-plate process in general use, and plates of extreme sensitiveness are produced by it. (b) (Print.) A method of producing photographic copies of drawings, engravings, printed pages, etc., and also of photographic pictures, which can be printed from in a press with ink, or (in some applications of the process) which can be used as the molds of stereotype or electrotype plates. (c) (Print. or Copying) A method of producing facsimile copies of an original, written or drawn in aniline ink upon paper, thence transferred to a cake of gelatin softened with glycerin, from which impressions are taken upon ordinary paper.

{Vegetable gelatin}. See {Gliadin}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gelatine — Gélatine Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gélatine (homonymie). La gélatine est une substance solide translucide, transparente ou légèrement jaune, presque sans goût et sans odeur, obtenue par l ébullition prolongée de la peau animale et des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gélatine — [ ʒelatin ] n. f. • 1611; it. gelatina ♦ Substance protidique obtenue à partir du collagène des tissus animaux soumis à l action prolongée de l eau bouillante. Feuilles de gélatine alimentaire. Les gélatines sont des supports utilisés en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gélatiné — gélatine [ ʒelatin ] n. f. • 1611; it. gelatina ♦ Substance protidique obtenue à partir du collagène des tissus animaux soumis à l action prolongée de l eau bouillante. Feuilles de gélatine alimentaire. Les gélatines sont des supports utilisés en …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gelatine — Gelatine, seiner, glasheller, farbloser oder gelblicher, geschmack und geruchloser Leim aus Knorpel, Knochen oder Hautabfällen, findet in der Firnis und Kittfabrikation, ferner in den Konditoreien und der seinen Küche Verwendung, bisweilen auch… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • gélatiné — gélatiné, ée (entrée créée par le supplément) (jé la ti né, née) adj. Enduit de gélatine. •   Photoglyptie, invention de Woodbury, dont les épreuves, rivalisant avec les plus belles photographies, s impriment aux encres de Chine gélatinées et… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Gelatine — er et geleringsmiddel, der består af protein. Det anvendes til at gøre vandige levnedsmidler tykkere. Gelatine kan fremstilles ud fra collagen fra sener, knogler og hud og er velkendt under navnet husblas …   Danske encyklopædi

  • gelatine — 1713, from Fr. gélatine (17c.) clear jelly like substance, fish broth, from It. gelatina, from gelata jelly, from gelare to jell, from L. gelare to freeze (see COLD (Cf. cold) (adj.)), + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2). Spelling without the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gelatine — »Knochenleim, Gallert«: Das Wort wurde im 19. Jh. eingedeutscht aus nlat. gelatina, einer Bildung zu lat. gelatus »gefroren, erstarrt« (vgl. ↑ Gelee). – Dazu das in der chemischen Industrie gebräuchliche Kurzwort Gel »gallertartig ausgeflockter… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Gelatine — Gel a*tine, n. Same as {Gelatin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gelatine — gelatine. См. желатин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Gelatine — (franz., spr.sche , von geler, »gefrieren«), sehr reiner, farb , geruch und geschmackloser Knochenleim (s. Leim). Gelatina Carragaheen, irländische Moosgallerte, wird bereitet, indem man 1 Teil Carragaheen mit 40 Teilen Wasser 1/2 Stunde im… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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