Gelatin Gel"a*tin, Gelatine Gel"a*tine, n. [F. g['e]latine, fr. L. gelare to congeal. See {Geal}.] (Chem.) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.), a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's-foot jelly, isinglass, glue, etc. It is used as food, but its nutritious qualities are of a low order. [1913 Webster]

Note: Both spellings, gelatin and gelatine, are in good use, but the tendency of writers on physiological chemistry favors the form in -in, as in the United States Dispensatory, the United States Pharmacop[oe]ia, Fownes' Watts' Chemistry, Brande & Cox's Dictionary. [1913 Webster]

{Blasting gelatin}, an explosive, containing about ninety-five parts of nitroglycerin and five of collodion.

{Gelatin process}, a name applied to a number of processes in the arts, involving the use of gelatin. Especially: (a) (Photog.) A dry-plate process in which gelatin is used as a substitute for collodion as the sensitized material. This is the dry-plate process in general use, and plates of extreme sensitiveness are produced by it. (b) (Print.) A method of producing photographic copies of drawings, engravings, printed pages, etc., and also of photographic pictures, which can be printed from in a press with ink, or (in some applications of the process) which can be used as the molds of stereotype or electrotype plates. (c) (Print. or Copying) A method of producing facsimile copies of an original, written or drawn in aniline ink upon paper, thence transferred to a cake of gelatin softened with glycerin, from which impressions are taken upon ordinary paper.

{Vegetable gelatin}. See {Gliadin}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gelatin — (also gelatine, from French gélatine ) is a translucent, colourless, brittle, nearly tasteless solid substance, extracted from the collagen inside animals connective tissue. It has been commonly used as a gelling agent in food, pharmaceutical,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gelatin — Groupe d artistes originaires de Vienne, Autriche. Gelatin est composé de quatre membres (Ali Janka, Wolfgang Gantner, Florian Reither, Tobias Urban) auxquels peuvent se rajouter d autres personnes selon les besoins événementiels. Le terme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gelatin — [jel′ətēn, gel′ətinjel′ə tin] n. [Fr gélatine < It gelatina < gelata, a jelly < pp. of L gelare, to freeze < IE base * gel , to freeze > COOL, L gelu, frost] 1. the tasteless, odorless, brittle mixture of proteins extracted by… …   English World dictionary

  • gelatin — gelatin, gelatine Gelatin (pronounced jel ǝ tin) is the customary form in chemical use, and in AmE in all uses, but gelatine (pronounced jel ǝ teen) is common in BrE in contexts to do with the preparation of food …   Modern English usage

  • gelatin — see GELATINE (Cf. gelatine) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gelatin — (also gelatine) ► NOUN 1) a virtually colourless and tasteless water soluble protein prepared from collagen and used in food preparation, in photographic processing, and for making glue. 2) a high explosive consisting chiefly of a gel of… …   English terms dictionary

  • gelatin — /jel euh tn/, n. 1. a nearly transparent, faintly yellow, odorless, and almost tasteless glutinous substance obtained by boiling in water the ligaments, bones, skin, etc., of animals, and forming the basis of jellies, glues, and the like. 2. any… …   Universalium

  • gelatin — also gelatine noun Etymology: French gélatine edible jelly, gelatin, from Italian gelatina, from gelato, past participle of gelare to freeze, from Latin more at cold Date: 1800 1. glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by boiling;… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gelatin — A derived protein formed from the collagen of tissues by boiling in water; it swells up when put in cold water, but dissolves only in hot water; used as a hemostat, plasma substitute, and protein food adjunct in malnutri …   Medical dictionary

  • gelatin — gel•a•tin or gel•a•tine [[t]ˈdʒɛl ə tn[/t]] n. 1) coo a nearly transparent, glutinous substance, obtained by boiling the bones, ligaments, etc., of animals, and used in making jellies, glues, and the like 2) coo any of various similar substances …   From formal English to slang

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