Ganglion cell
Ganglion Gan"gli*on, n.; pl. L. {Ganglia}, E. {Ganglions}. [L. ganglion a sort of swelling or excrescence, a tumor under the skin, Gr. ?: cf. F. ganglion.] 1. (Anat.) (a) A mass or knot of nervous matter, including nerve cells, usually forming an enlargement in the course of a nerve. (b) A node, or gland in the lymphatic system; as, a lymphatic ganglion. [1913 Webster]

2. (Med.) A globular, hard, indolent tumor, situated somewhere on a tendon, and commonly formed by the effusion of a viscid fluid into it; -- called also {weeping sinew}. [1913 Webster]

{Ganglion cell}, a nerve cell. See Illust. under {Bipolar}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ganglion cell — n a nerve cell having its body outside the central nervous system * * * 1. a form of large nerve cell characteristic of ganglia; called also gangliocyte. 2. any of those retinal cells that are the third (last) neurons in the vertical linkage of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Ganglion cell — Infobox neuron neuron name = Ganglion cell image neuron = Gray624.png caption neuron = Various forms of nerve cells. A. Pyramidal cell. B. Small multipolar cell, in which the dendrites quickly divides into numerous branches. C. Small fusiform… …   Wikipedia

  • ganglion cell — nerve erve (n[ e]rv), n. [OE. nerfe, F. nerf, L. nervus, akin to Gr. ney^ron sinew, nerve; cf. neyra string, bowstring; perh. akin to E. needle. Cf. {Neuralgia}.] 1. (Anat.) One of the whitish and elastic bundles of fibers, with the accompanying… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ganglion cell — noun a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma • Syn: ↑gangliocyte • Hypernyms: ↑nerve cell, ↑neuron * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • ganglion cell — A type of interneuron that conveys information from the retinal bipolar, horizontal and amacrine cells to the brain …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Ganglion cell layer — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = 225 GrayPage = 1016 Caption = Section of retina. (Ganglionic layer labeled at right, third from the top.) Caption2 = Plan of retinal neurons. (Ganglionic layer labeled at left, third from the… …   Wikipedia

  • ganglion cell layer of retina — a layer of the stratum nervosum retinae, situated between the inner plexiform layer and the nerve fiber layer, consisting essentially of the ganglion cells of the retina, and containing also the MÑŒller fibers, neuroglia, and branches of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Photosensitive ganglion cell — Section of retina: light strikes first the ganglion cell layer, last the rods and cones Photosensitive ganglion cells, also called photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells (pRGC), intrinsically photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells (ipRGC) or… …   Wikipedia

  • retinal ganglion cell — See ganglion cell …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Ganglion — Gan gli*on, n.; pl. L. {Ganglia}, E. {Ganglions}. [L. ganglion a sort of swelling or excrescence, a tumor under the skin, Gr. ?: cf. F. ganglion.] 1. (Anat.) (a) A mass or knot of nervous matter, including nerve cells, usually forming an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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