Fungi Fun"gi (f[u^]n"j[imac]), n. pl.; sing. {fungus}. (Biol.) A group of thallophytic plant-like organisms of low organization, destitute of chlorophyll, in which reproduction is mainly accomplished by means of asexual spores, which are produced in a great variety of ways, though sexual reproduction is known to occur in certain {Phycomycetes}, or so-called algal fungi. They include the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each. In the two-kingdom classification system they were classed with the plants, but in the modern five-kingdom classification, they are not classed as plants, but are classed in their own separate kingdom fungi, which includes the phyla Zygomycota (including simple fungi such as bread molds), Ascomycota (including the yeasts), Basidiomycota (including the mushrooms, smuts, and rusts), and Deuteromycota (the {fungi imperfecti}). Some of the forms, such as the yeasts, appear as single-celled microorganisms, but all of the fungi are are eukaryotic, thus distinguishing them from the prokaryotic microorganisms of the kingdon Monera. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Note: The Fungi appear to have originated by degeneration from various alg[ae], losing their chlorophyll on assuming a parasitic or saprophytic life. In an earlier classification they were divided into the subclasses {Phycomycetes}, the lower or algal fungi; the {Mesomycetes}, or intermediate fungi; and the {Mycomycetes}, or the higher fungi; by others into the {Phycomycetes}; the {Ascomycetes}, or sac-spore fungi; and the {Basidiomycetes}, or basidial-spore fungi. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • fungus — fúngus s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  FÚNGUS s.n. v. fongus. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Neoficial  FÚNGUS s. n. 1. clasă de organisme vegetale inferioare fără clorofilă, din care fac parte… …   Dicționar Român

  • fungus — has the plural form fungi, pronounced fung giy or fun jiy, although funguses is sometimes used, especially to mean ‘types of fungus’. The adjectival forms are fungal and fungous, and fungus itself is sometimes used attributively (before a noun,… …   Modern English usage

  • fungus — [fuŋ′gəs] n. pl. fungi [fun′jī΄, fuŋ′gī΄] or funguses [L, a mushroom, fungus < Gr dial. (Attic) sphongos, var. of Gr spongos, SPONGE] 1. any of a large division (Eumycota) of thallophytes, including molds, mildews, mushrooms, rusts, and smuts …   English World dictionary

  • Fungus — ist: die Einzahl des lateinischen Fungi . ( Fungus =Pilz; Fungi =Pilze) eine Felseninsel westlich des maltesischen Gozo: (Fungus Rock) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fungus — 1520s, from L. fungus a mushroom, in English as a learned alternative to mushroom. (Funge was used in this sense late 14c.) The Latin word is believed to be cognate with (or derived from) Gk. sphongos, the Attic form of spongos sponge (see SPONGE …   Etymology dictionary

  • fungus — fùngus m DEFINICIJA 1. bot., v. gljive 2. pat. a. izraslina u tijelu nalik na gljivu b. poseban oblik tuberkuloze zglobova, s bujanjem upalnog tkiva u zglobnoj čahuri ETIMOLOGIJA lat. fungus …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Fungus — Fun gus, n.; pl. L. {Fungi}, E. {Funguses}. [L., a mushroom; perh. akin to a doubtful Gr. ? sponge, for ?; if so, cf. E. sponge.] 1. (Bot.) Any one of the {Fungi}, a large and very complex group of thallophytes of low organization, the molds,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fungus — (lat.), 1) Pilz, s. Fungi, z.B. F. chirurgorum, so v.w. Bovist; F. melitensis, s. Cynomorium coccineum; F. salĭcis, s. Weidenschwamm; F. sambūci, s. Hollunderschwamm; 2) Auswuchs durch Insectenstich, wie F. bedeguar, s. Bedeguar; 3) (Med),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fungus — (lat.), Schwamm; F. (Boletus) igniarius praeparatus oder chirurgorum, Feuerschwamm; F. (Boletus) laricis (Agaricus albus), Lärchenschwamm. – In der pathologischen Anatomie früherer Zeit Bezeichnung für meist bösartige, weiche und blutreiche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungus — (lat.), Pilz, in der pathol. Anatomie s.v.w. schnell wachsende, blutreiche, schwammige Geschwulst …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungus — Fungus, der botan. Namen für die Familie der Pilze oder Schwämme (vergl. diese Art. und Agaricus); fungös, schwammartig …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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