Fungi


Fungi
Cryptogamia Cryp`to*ga"mi*a (kr?p`t?-g?"m?-?), n.; pl. {Cryptogami[ae]} (-?). [NL., fr. Gr. krypto`s hidden, secret + ga`mos marriage.] (Bot.) The series or division of flowerless plants, or those never having true stamens and pistils, but propagated by spores of various kinds. [1913 Webster]

Note: The subdivisions have been variously arranged. The following arrangement recognizes four classes: -- I. {{Pteridophyta}, or {Vascular Acrogens}.} These include Ferns, {Equiseta} or Scouring rushes, {Lycopodiace[ae]} or Club mosses, {Selaginelle[ae]}, and several other smaller orders. Here belonged also the extinct coal plants called {Lepidodendron}, {Sigillaria}, and {Calamites}. II. {{Bryophita}, or {Cellular Acrogens}}. These include {Musci}, or Mosses, {Hepatic[ae]}, or Scale mosses and Liverworts, and possibly {Charace[ae]}, the Stoneworts. III. {{Alg[ae]}}, which are divided into {Floride[ae]}, the Red Seaweeds, and the orders {Dictyote[ae]}, {O["o]spore[ae]}, {Zo["o]spore[ae]}, {Conjugat[ae]}, {Diatomace[ae]}, and {Cryptophyce[ae]}. IV. {{Fungi}}. The molds, mildews, mushrooms, puffballs, etc., which are variously grouped into several subclasses and many orders. The {Lichenes} or Lichens are now considered to be of a mixed nature, each plant partly a Fungus and partly an Alga. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fungi — Fun gi (f[u^]n j[imac]), n. pl.; sing. {fungus}. (Biol.) A group of thallophytic plant like organisms of low organization, destitute of chlorophyll, in which reproduction is mainly accomplished by means of asexual spores, which are produced in a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fungi — s.m. pl. (bot.; rar) Ciuperci. – Din lat. fungi. Trimis de LauraGellner, 15.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  FUNGI s. pl. v. ciupercă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  fungi (ciuperci) s …   Dicționar Român

  • FUNGI — in arboribus nascentes, pro fomitibus olim erant et escae dicebantur. Serv. ex l. Comm. Clodii 4. Fomites assulae ambustae, ligna excavata, a fungis nomine excepto. Unde apud recentiores Graecos Medicos Ι῎ςκαι, h. e. escae, proprie appellantur… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • fungi- — [fun′ji, fun′jə; fun′gi, fuŋgə] combining form fungus or fungi [fungicide]: also, before a vowel, fung …   English World dictionary

  • Fungi — См. Грибы (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Fungi [1] — Fungi (Funj), Volk in Nubien, Roserres u. Fassokl (Afrika), hat wohlgebauten Körper, dunkelkupferbraune Hautfarbe, nicht wolliges Haar u. regelmäßige Gesichtszüge ohne Negertypus. Die F. sollen im 16. Jahrh. von Südwest her eingewandert sein u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fungi [2] — Fungi, Schwämme, Pilze, 3. Klasse des Endlicherschen Pflanzensystems, parasitische, auf mehr od. weniger zersetzten organischen Substanzen lebende Gewächse, aus Zellen gebildet, meist nicht von grüner Farbe, durch Keimzellen (Sporae, Sporidiae)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fungi [1] — Fungi (lat.), s. Pilze …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungi [2] — Fungi, Einzahl von Fundsch (s.d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungi — (lat.), die Pilze, Mehrzahl von Fungus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungi — ⇒ Pilze …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie


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