Fraud Fraud (fr[add]d), n. [F. fraude, L. fraus, fraudis; prob. akin to Skr. dh[=u]rv to injure, dhv[.r] to cause to fall, and E. dull.] 1. Deception deliberately practiced with a view to gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage; artifice by which the right or interest of another is injured; injurious stratagem; deceit; trick. [1913 Webster]

If success a lover's toil attends, Few ask, if fraud or force attained his ends. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

2. (Law) An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of obtaining some valuable thing or promise from another. [1913 Webster]

3. A trap or snare. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

To draw the proud King Ahab into fraud. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

{Constructive fraud} (Law), an act, statement, or omission which operates as a fraud, although perhaps not intended to be such. --Mozley & W.

{Pious fraud} (Ch. Hist.), a fraud contrived and executed to benefit the church or accomplish some good end, upon the theory that the end justified the means.

{Statute of frauds} (Law), an English statute (1676), the principle of which is incorporated in the legislation of all the States of this country, by which writing with specific solemnities (varying in the several statutes) is required to give efficacy to certain dispositions of property. --Wharton.

Syn: Deception; deceit; guile; craft; wile; sham; strife; circumvention; stratagem; trick; imposition; cheat. See {Deception}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • fraud — n [Latin fraud fraus] 1 a: any act, expression, omission, or concealment calculated to deceive another to his or her disadvantage; specif: a misrepresentation or concealment with reference to some fact material to a transaction that is made with… …   Law dictionary

  • Fraud — • In the common acceptation of the word, an act or course of deception deliberately practised with the view of gaining a wrong and unfair advantage Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fraud     Fraud …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • fraud — [frɔːd ǁ frɒːd] noun [countable, uncountable] LAW a method of illegally getting money from a person or organization, often using clever and complicated methods: • Should audits be expected to detect every fraud? • He had a criminal conviction for …   Financial and business terms

  • FRAUD — FRAUD, the prohibition against wronging another in selling or buying property (Lev. 25:14) is one of civil (see Ona ah ) rather than criminal law – although, since it is a negative injunction, its violation by any overt act may result in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • fraud — [fro:d US fro:d] n [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: fraude, from Latin fraus deceiving ] 1.) [U and C] the crime of deceiving people in order to gain something such as money or goods tax/insurance/credit card etc fraud ▪ He s been charged… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • fraud — [ frɔd ] noun ** 1. ) count or uncount the crime of obtaining money from someone by tricking them: Police are investigating a complex fraud involving several bogus contractors. tax/insurance/benefit fraud a ) only before noun relating to fraud:… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Fraud — hat verschiedene Bedeutungen: Fraud griech. Apate oder auch Fraus ist die Göttin der Falschheit aus griech./ röm. Mythologie. Ist das weibliche Pendant von Dolos (/röm. Dolus). Fraud ist ein vom englischen fraud übernommener, in der Fachsprache… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fraud — criminal deception, early 14c., from O.Fr. fraude deception, fraud (13c.), from L. fraudem (nom. fraus) deceit, injury. The noun meaning impostor, humbug is attested from 1850. Pious fraud deception practiced for the sake of what is deemed a good …   Etymology dictionary

  • fraud —    Fraud is an abstract concept, to do with criminal deception, but ‘you old fraud’, applied to a person, is a fairly mild way of saying that he is putting on an act of some kind. Use of the expression sometimes implies that the person concerned… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • fraud — [n1] trickery, deception artifice, bamboozlement*, blackmail, cheat, chicane, chicanery, con, craft*, deceit, double dealing*, dupery, duping, duplicity, extortion, fake, fast one*, fast shuffle*, flimflam*, fourberie, fraudulence, graft, guile,… …   New thesaurus

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