**formalizing** — formalize (Amer.) forÂ·malÂ·ize || fÉ”rmÉ™laÉªz / fÉ”Ëm v. make official, make formal; make legally valid; affect formality; give a shape or form to, model (also formalise) … English contemporary dictionary

**Gödel's incompleteness theorems** — In mathematical logic, Gödel s incompleteness theorems, proved by Kurt Gödel in 1931, are two theorems stating inherent limitations of all but the most trivial formal systems for arithmetic of mathematical interest. The theorems are of… … Wikipedia

**First-order logic** — is a formal logical system used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science. It goes by many names, including: first order predicate calculus, the lower predicate calculus, quantification theory, and predicate logic (a less… … Wikipedia

**Frame problem** — In artificial intelligence, the frame problem was initially formulated as the problem of expressing a dynamical domain in logic without explicitly specifying which conditions are not affected by an action. John McCarthy and Patrick J. Hayes… … Wikipedia

**John McCarthy (computer scientist)** — Infobox Scientist name = John McCarthy image width= 200px caption = John McCarthy at a summit in 2006 birth date = birth date and age|1927|9|4 birth place = Boston, Massachusetts, USA residence = USA nationality = American field = Computer… … Wikipedia

**Algorithm characterizations** — The word algorithm does not have a generally accepted definition. Researchers are actively working in formalizing this term. This article will present some of the characterizations of the notion of algorithm in more detail. This article is a… … Wikipedia

**John McCarthy** — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mac Carthy. John McCarthy John McCarthy en 2006 Naissance 4 … Wikipédia en Français

**Cosmic censorship hypothesis** — The weak and the strong cosmic censorship hypotheses are two mathematical conjectures about the structure of singularities arising in general relativity. Singularities that arise in the solutions of Einstein s equations are typically hidden… … Wikipedia

**Integral** — This article is about the concept of integrals in calculus. For the set of numbers, see integer. For other uses, see Integral (disambiguation). A definite integral of a function can be represented as the signed area of the region bounded by its… … Wikipedia

**Operational semantics** — In computer science, operational semantics is a way to give meaning to computer programs in a mathematically rigorous way. Operational semantics are classified into two categories: structural operational semantics (or small step semantics)… … Wikipedia