Forgive For*give", v. t. [imp. {Forgave}; p. p. {Forgiven}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Forgiving}] [OE. forgiven, foryiven, foryeven, AS. forgiefan, forgifan; perh. for- + giefan, gifan to give; cf. D. vergeven, G. vergeben, Icel. fyrirgefa, Sw. f?rgifva, Goth. fragiban to give, grant. See {For-}, and {Give}, v. t.] 1. To give wholly; to make over without reservation; to resign. [1913 Webster]

To them that list the world's gay shows I leave, And to great ones such folly do forgive. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

2. To give up resentment or claim to requital on account of (an offense or wrong); to remit the penalty of; to pardon; -- said in reference to the act forgiven. [1913 Webster]

And their sins should be forgiven them. --Mark iv. 12. [1913 Webster]

He forgive injures so readily that he might be said to invite them. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

3. To cease to feel resentment against, on account of wrong committed; to give up claim to requital from or retribution upon (an offender); to absolve; to pardon; -- said of the person offending. [1913 Webster]

Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. --Luke xxiii. 34. [1913 Webster]

I as free forgive you, as I would be fforgiven. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Note: Sometimes both the person and the offense follow as objects of the verb, sometimes one and sometimes the other being the indirect object. ``Forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors.'' --Matt. vi. 12. ``Be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee.'' --Matt. ix. 2.

Syn: See {excuse}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

(especially for a small offence), , ,

Look at other dictionaries:

  • forgive — for‧give [fəˈgɪv ǁ fər ] verb forgave PASTTENSE [ ˈgeɪv] forgiven PASTPART [ ˈgɪvn] [transitive] FINANCE to state that a debt does not have to be paid: • Under the plan, the US forgave $2.6 billion, or about 70%, of Poland s debt to the US… …   Financial and business terms

  • forgive — (v.) O.E. forgiefan give, grant, allow; forgive, also to give up and to give in marriage; from for completely + giefan give (see GIVE (Cf. give)). The modern sense of to give up desire or power to punish is from use of the compound as a Germanic… …   Etymology dictionary

  • forgive — [fər giv′, fôrgiv′] vt. forgave, forgiven, forgiving [ME forgeven < OE forgiefan, forgifan (akin to Ger vergeben): see FOR & GIVE] 1. to give up resentment against or the desire to punish; stop being angry with; pardon 2. to give up all claim… …   English World dictionary

  • forgive — I verb absolve, acquit, bear no malice, cancel, clear, condonare, condone, exculpate, excuse, exempt, exonerate, forget, give absolution, grant amnesty, grant pardon, ignoscere, overlook, palliate, pardon, reprieve, shrive, vindicate associated… …   Law dictionary

  • forgive — pardon, remit, *excuse, condone Analogous words: absolve, *exculpate, acquit, exonerate, vindicate …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • forgive — has a derivative form forgivable, without an e in the middle …   Modern English usage

  • forgive — [v] stop blame and grant pardon absolve, accept apology, acquit, allow for, amnesty, bear no malice*, bear with, bury the hatchet*, clear, commute, condone, dismiss from mind, efface, exculpate, excuse, exempt, exonerate, extenuate, forget, kiss… …   New thesaurus

  • forgive — ► VERB (past forgave; past part. forgiven) 1) stop feeling angry or resentful towards (someone) for an offence or mistake. 2) excuse (an offence, flaw, or mistake). DERIVATIVES forgivable adjective forgiver noun forgiving adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • forgive — for|give S3 [fəˈgıv US fər ] v past tense forgave [ ˈgeıv] past participle forgiven [ ˈgıvən] [I and T] [: Old English; Origin: forgifan] 1.) to stop being angry with someone and stop blaming them, although they have done something wrong forgive… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • forgive — 01. Ian begged his wife to [forgive] him after his affair with an old girlfriend. 02. The little boy made his confession to the priest, who told him he was [forgiven]. 03. I will never [forgive] him for cheating on me with my best friend. 04. He… …   Grammatical examples in English

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