Fiscal year

Fiscal year
Year Year, n. [OE. yer, yeer, [yogh]er, AS. ge['a]r; akin to OFries. i?r, g?r, D. jaar, OHG. j[=a]r, G. jahr, Icel. [=a]r, Dan. aar, Sw. [*a]r, Goth. j?r, Gr. ? a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, ? a year, Zend y[=a]re year. [root]4, 279. Cf. {Hour}, {Yore}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see {Bissextile}). [1913 Webster]

Of twenty year of age he was, I guess. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Note: The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued throughout the British dominions till the year 1752. [1913 Webster]

2. The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn. [1913 Webster]

3. pl. Age, or old age; as, a man in years. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Anomalistic year}, the time of the earth's revolution from perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds.

{A year's mind} (Eccl.), a commemoration of a deceased person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Cf. {A month's mind}, under {Month}.

{Bissextile year}. See {Bissextile}.

{Canicular year}. See under {Canicular}.

{Civil year}, the year adopted by any nation for the computation of time.

{Common lunar year}, the period of 12 lunar months, or 354 days.

{Common year}, each year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year.

{Embolismic year}, or {Intercalary lunar year}, the period of 13 lunar months, or 384 days.

{Fiscal year} (Com.), the year by which accounts are reckoned, or the year between one annual time of settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another.

{Great year}. See {Platonic year}, under {Platonic}.

{Gregorian year}, {Julian year}. See under {Gregorian}, and {Julian}.

{Leap year}. See {Leap year}, in the Vocabulary.

{Lunar astronomical year}, the period of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.

{Lunisolar year}. See under {Lunisolar}.

{Periodical year}. See {Anomalistic year}, above.

{Platonic year}, {Sabbatical year}. See under {Platonic}, and {Sabbatical}.

{Sidereal year}, the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds.

{Tropical year}. See under {Tropical}.

{Year and a day} (O. Eng. Law), a time to be allowed for an act or an event, in order that an entire year might be secured beyond all question. --Abbott.

{Year of grace}, any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini; A. D. or a. d. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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