Fiber Fi"ber, Fibre Fi"bre,, n. [F. fibre, L. fibra.] 1. One of the delicate, threadlike portions of which the tissues of plants and animals are in part constituted; as, the fiber of flax or of muscle. [1913 Webster]

2. Any fine, slender thread, or threadlike substance; as, a fiber of spun glass; especially, one of the slender rootlets of a plant. [WordNet sense 1] [1913 Webster]

3. the inherent complex of attributes that determine a person's moral and ethical actions and reactions; sinew; strength; toughness; as, a man of real fiber. [WordNet sense 2]

Syn: character, fibre. [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Yet had no fibers in him, nor no force. --Chapman. [1913 Webster]

4. A general name for the raw material, such as cotton, flax, hemp, etc., used in textile manufactures. [1913 Webster]

5. (Nutrition) that portion of food composed of carbohydrates which are completely or partly indigestible, such as cellulose or pectin; it may be in an insoluble or a soluble form. It provides bulk to the solid waste and stimulates peristalsis in the intestine. It is found especially in grains, fruits, and vegetables. There is some medical evidence which indicates that diets high in fiber reduce the risk of colon cancer and reduce cholesterol levels in the blood. It is also called {dietary fiber}, {roughage}, or {bulk}. [PJC]

6. a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth. [WordNet sense 3]

Syn: fibre, vulcanized fiber. [WordNet 1.5]

{Fiber gun}, a kind of steam gun for converting, wood, straw, etc., into fiber. The material is shut up in the gun with steam, air, or gas at a very high pressure which is afterward relieved suddenly by letting a lid at the muzzle fly open, when the rapid expansion separates the fibers.

{Fiber plants} (Bot.), plants capable of yielding fiber useful in the arts, as hemp, flax, ramie, agave, etc.

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fiber — [fī′bər] n. [Fr fibre < L fibra, akin to filum, thread: see FILE1] 1. a) a slender, threadlike structure that combines with others to form animal or vegetable tissue b) the tissue so formed [muscle fiber] 2. a slender, threadlike structure… …   English World dictionary

  • Fiber — Sf Faser erw. fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. fibra, zu der gleichen Grundlage (ig. * gwhis ) wie l. fīlum n. Faden .    Ebenso nndl. fiber, ne. fibre, nfrz. fibre, nschw. fiber, nnorw. fiber; Filet. lateinisch l …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • fiber — 1530s, from Fr. fibre (14c.), from L. fibra a fiber, filament, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to L. filum thread, or from root of findere to split. Fiberboard is from 1897; Fiberglas is 1937, U.S. registered trademark name; and fiber optics …   Etymology dictionary

  • FIBER — animal ἀμφίβιον, idem cum castore, quam vocem vide supra; per universum Pontum plurimus Lutris similis est, animal morsu potentissimum, adeo ut cum hominem invadit, conventum dentium non prius laxet, quam concrepuisse persenserit fracta ossa.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • fiber — [n1] strand of material cilia, cord, fibril, filament, footlet, grain, grit, hair, shred, staple, string, strip, tendril, thread, tissue, tooth, vein, warp, web, woof; concepts 392,428,611,831 fiber [n2] texture essence, fabric, feel, hand, nap,… …   New thesaurus

  • fiber — (Brit. fibre) ► NOUN 1) a thread or filament from which a plant or animal tissue, mineral substance, or textile is formed. 2) a substance formed of fibres. 3) dietary material containing substances such as cellulose, that are resistant to the… …   English terms dictionary

  • Fiber — Fiber. См. Волокнистость. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Fiber — Fiber, Säugethier, 1) so v.w. Biber; 2) F. Cuv. (Zibethmaus), Gattung der schwimmfüßigen [254] Wühlmäuse; oben u. unten jederseits 3 Backenzähne, von den Seiten zusammengedrückter, dünn bebaarter Schuppenschwanz, halbe Schwimmhäute, mit einem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fiber — Fiber, die Bisamratte …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • fiber — index character (personal quality), frame (mood), prowess (bravery) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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