Fennel
Fennel Fen"nel (f[e^]n"n[e^]l), n. [AS. fenol, finol, from L. feniculum, faeniculum, dim. of fenum, faenum, hay: cf. F. fenouil. Cf. {Fenugreek}. {Finochio}.] (Bot.) A perennial plant of the genus {F[ae]niculum} ({F[ae]niculum vulgare}), having very finely divided leaves. It is cultivated in gardens for the agreeable aromatic flavor of its seeds. [1913 Webster]

Smell of sweetest fennel. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

A sprig of fennel was in fact the theological smelling bottle of the tender sex. --S. G. Goodrich. [1913 Webster]

{Azorean fennel}, or {Sweet fennel}, ({F[ae]niculum dulce}). It is a smaller and stouter plant than the common fennel, and is used as a pot herb.

{Dog's fennel} ({Anthemis Cotula}), a foul-smelling European weed; -- called also {mayweed}.

{Fennel flower} (Bot.), an herb ({Nigella}) of the Buttercup family, having leaves finely divided, like those of the fennel. {Nigella Damascena} is common in gardens. {Nigella sativa} furnishes the fennel seed, used as a condiment, etc., in India. These seeds are the ``fitches'' mentioned in Isaiah (xxviii. 25).

{Fennel water} (Med.), the distilled water of fennel seed. It is stimulant and carminative.

{Giant fennel} ({Ferula communis}), has stems full of pith, which, it is said, were used to carry fire, first, by Prometheus.

{Hog's fennel}, a European plant ({Peucedanum officinale}) looking something like fennel. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FENNEL — (Heb. קֶצַח, keẓaḥ), an herb, the sowing and threshing of which are described by Isaiah (28:25, 27). Fennel is the plant Nigella sativa, whose black seeds are used as a condiment. It was used as a condiment in talmudic times, being sprinkled on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • fennel — (n.) O.E. fenol, finul, perhaps via (or influenced by) O.Fr. fenoil or directly from V.L. fenuculum, from L. feniculum, dim. of fenum, faenum hay, probably lit. produce (see FECUND (Cf. fecund)). Apparently so called from its hay like appearance… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fennel — ► NOUN ▪ an aromatic yellow flowered plant, with feathery leaves used as herbs or eaten as a vegetable. ORIGIN Latin faeniculum, from faenum hay …   English terms dictionary

  • fennel — [fen′əl] n. [ME fenel < OE finul < L faeniculum, dim. of faenum, earlier fenum, hay] a tall herb (Foeniculum vulgare) of the umbel family, with feathery leaves and yellow flowers: its foliage and aromatic seeds are used to flavor foods and… …   English World dictionary

  • Fennel — Taxobox name = Fennel image width = 300px image caption = Fennel in flower regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Apiales familia = Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) genus = Foeniculum species = F. vulgare binomial =… …   Wikipedia

  • fennel — /fen l/, n. 1. a plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, having feathery leaves and umbels of small, yellow flowers. 2. Also, fennel seed. the aromatic fruits of this plant, used in cookery and medicine. 3. any of various more or less… …   Universalium

  • fennel — noun a) A plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family. b) The bulb, leaves, or stalks of the plant, eaten as a vegetable. See Also: dog fennel, hog’s fennel, sweet fennel, water fennel …   Wiktionary

  • fennel — /ˈfɛnəl / (say fenuhl) noun 1. an umbelliferous plant, Foeniculum vulgare, having yellow flowers, and bearing aromatic fruits, which, as well as the leaves and stem, are used in cookery and medicine. 2. the fruits (fennel seed) of this plant. 3.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • fennel — paprastasis pankolis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Salierinių šeimos vaistinis augalas (Foeniculum vulgare), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, pietvakarių Azijoje ir pietų Europoje. Iš jo gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys: lot. Anethum… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • fennel — noun Etymology: Middle English fenel, from Old English finugl, from Vulgar Latin *fenuculum, from Latin feniculum fennel, irregular diminutive of fenum hay Date: before 12th century a perennial European herb (Foeniculum vulgare) of the carrot… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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