Fatty acid

Fatty acid
Fatty Fat"ty, a. Containing fat, or having the qualities of fat; greasy; gross; as, a fatty substance. [1913 Webster]

{Fatty acid} (Chem.), any one of the paraffin series of monocarbonic acids, as formic acid, acetic, etc.; -- so called because the higher members, as stearic and palmitic acids, occur in the natural fats, and are themselves fatlike substances.

{Fatty clays}. See under {Clay}.

{Fatty degeneration} (Med.), a diseased condition, in which the oil globules, naturally present in certain organs, are so multiplied as gradually to destroy and replace the efficient parts of these organs.

{Fatty heart}, {Fatty liver}, etc. (Med.), a heart, liver, etc., which have been the subjects of fatty degeneration or infiltration.

{Fatty infiltration} (Med.), a condition in which there is an excessive accumulation of fat in an organ, without destruction of any essential parts of the latter.

{Fatty tumor} (Med.), a tumor consisting of fatty or adipose tissue; lipoma. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fatty acid — n technical an acid that the cells in your body need to use food effectively …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • fatty acid — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ an organic acid whose molecule contains a hydrocarbon chain …   English terms dictionary

  • fatty acid — n. any of a class of lipids consisting of various saturated or unsaturated, monobasic organic acids, generally R·COOH, usually in a straight chain: they occur naturally in the form of glycerol esters in animal or vegetable fats and oils …   English World dictionary

  • Fatty acid — Not to be confused with fat. Butyric acid, a short chain fatty acid Types of fats in food Unsaturated fat Monounsaturated fat Polyun …   Wikipedia

  • Fatty acid — One of many molecules that are long chains of lipid carboxylic acid found in fats and oils and in cell membranes as a component of phospholipids and glycolipids. (Carboxylic acid is an organic acid containing the functional group COOH.) Fatty… …   Medical dictionary

  • fatty acid — Biochem. any of a class of aliphatic acids, esp. palmitic, stearic, or oleic acid, consisting of a long hydrocarbon chain ending in a carboxyl group that bonds to glycerol to form a fat. [1860 65] * * * Organic compound that is an important… …   Universalium

  • fatty acid — noun any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22… …   Useful english dictionary

  • fatty acid — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms fatty acid : singular fatty acid plural fatty acids biology an acid found in fats and oils in animals and plants …   English dictionary

  • fatty acid — riebalų rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alifatinė monokarboksirūgštis, dažniausiai turinti ilgą angliavandenilinę grandinę, riebalų ar aliejaus hidrolizės produktas. atitikmenys: angl. fat acid; fatty acid rus. жирная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • fatty acid — an organic acid with a long straight hydrocarbon chain and an even number of carbon atoms. Fatty acids are the fundamental constituents of many important lipids, including triglycerides. Some fatty acids can be synthesized by the body; others,… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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