Fan Fan (f[a^]n), n. [AS. fann, fr. L. vannus fan, van for winnowing grain; cf. F. van. Cf. {Van} a winnowing machine, {Winnow}.] 1. An instrument used for producing artificial currents of air, by the wafting or revolving motion of a broad surface; as: (a) An instrument for cooling the person, made of feathers, paper, silk, etc., and often mounted on sticks all turning about the same pivot, so as when opened to radiate from the center and assume the figure of a section of a circle. (b) (Mach.) Any revolving vane or vanes used for producing currents of air, in winnowing grain, blowing a fire, ventilation, etc., or for checking rapid motion by the resistance of the air; a fan blower; a fan wheel. (c) An instrument for winnowing grain, by moving which the grain is tossed and agitated, and the chaff is separated and blown away. (d) Something in the form of a fan when spread, as a peacock's tail, a window, etc. (e) A small vane or sail, used to keep the large sails of a smock windmill always in the direction of the wind. [1913 Webster]

Clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan. --Is. xxx. 24. [1913 Webster]

2. That which produces effects analogous to those of a fan, as in exciting a flame, etc.; that which inflames, heightens, or strengthens; as, it served as a fan to the flame of his passion. [1913 Webster]

3. A quintain; -- from its form. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

{Fan blower}, a wheel with vanes fixed on a rotating shaft inclosed in a case or chamber, to create a blast of air (fan blast) for forge purposes, or a current for draft and ventilation; a fanner.

{Fan cricket} (Zo["o]l.), a mole cricket.

{Fan light} (Arch.), a window over a door; -- so called from the semicircular form and radiating sash bars of those windows which are set in the circular heads of arched doorways.

{Fan shell} (Zo["o]l.), any shell of the family {Pectinid[ae]}. See {Scallop}, n., 1.

{Fan tracery} (Arch.), the decorative tracery on the surface of fan vaulting.

{Fan vaulting} (Arch.), an elaborate system of vaulting, in which the ribs diverge somewhat like the rays of a fan, as in Henry VII.'s chapel in Westminster Abbey. It is peculiar to English Gothic.

{Fan wheel}, the wheel of a fan blower.

{Fan window}. Same as {Fan light} (above).

{electric fan}. a fan having revolving blades for propelling air, powered by an electric motor. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fan — /fan, fahn/, n., pl. Fans, (esp. collectively) Fan. Fang. * * * I Rigid or folding handheld device used for cooling, air circulation, or ceremony or as a sartorial accessory throughout the world from ancient times. As evidenced by Egyptian… …   Universalium

  • Fan — or FANS may refer to the following: Ventilation A device to agitate or move air or other gasThe human powered Fan (implement) is a hand held implement used by waving it back and forth.Motor powered Fans: mechanical fans such as oscillating fans,… …   Wikipedia

  • fan — [ fan ] n. • 1923, répandu apr. 1950; mot angl., abrév. de fanatic → fanatique (3o) ♦ Anglic. Jeune admirateur, jeune admiratrice enthousiaste (d une vedette de la chanson). Club des fans. Une fan d Elvis Presley. ⇒ groupie. ⊗ HOM. Fane. ● fan… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • fan — fan1 [fan] n. [ME fanne < OE fann < L vannus, basket for winnowing grain < IE base * wē , to blow, flutter > WIND2, WINNOW] 1. Historical a device for winnowing grain 2. any device or machine used to set up a current of air for… …   English World dictionary

  • fan — FAN, fani s.m. (livr.) Admirator entuziast, pasionat, al unei vedete, al unei mişcări artistice; simpatizant. – Din engl., fr. fan. Trimis de tavilis, 24.05.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  fan s. m., pl. fani Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • Fan — Fan, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fanned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Fanning}.] [Cf. OF. vanner, L. vannere. See {Fan}, n., {Van} a winnowing machine.] 1. To move as with a fan. [1913 Webster] The air . . . fanned with unnumbered plumes. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fan — Sm begeisterter Anhänger erw. fach. (20. Jh.) Kunstbildung. Entlehnt aus ne. fan, einer Kurzform von ne. fanatic, zu ne. fanatic Adj. schwärmend, eifernd , dieses aus l. fānāticus.    Ebenso nndl. fan, ne. fan, nfrz. fan, nschw. fan, nnorw. fan.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • fan — fan, fanatic, fanatical Fanatic is common as a noun meaning ‘a person having excessive or misguided enthusiasm for something’; as an adjective it has largely given way to fanatical: • He was a fanatical worker, often doing thirteen or fourteen… …   Modern English usage

  • fân — s.n. Iarbă cosită şi uscată, servind ca nutreţ pentru vite; fânaţ. – lat. fenum. Trimis de LauraGellner, 08.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  CRINUL FÂNULUI s. v. crin galben. Trimis de siveco, 23.11.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  FÂN s. v. firuţă, şovar de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Fan — 〈 [fæ̣n] m.; Gen.: s, Pl.: s〉 begeisterter Anhänger; FilmFan; JazzFan; SportFan; er ist Kylies größter Fan [Etym.: engl.; verkürzt <fanatic »begeisterter Liebhaber«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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