Amyl alcohol
Amyl alcohol Am"yl al"co*hol (Org. Chem.) Any of eight isomeric liquid alcohols ({C5H11.OH}), transparent, colorless liquids. It is the hydroxide of amyl. Also called {amylic alcohol}. The amyl alcohol obtained from {fusel oil} is mostly isoamyl alcohol (3-methyl-1-butanol or 1-hydroxy-3-methylbutane), with some {sec-amyl alcohol} (2-methyl-1-butanol or {2-pentanol}), and has a characteristic peculiar odor. Other than {n-amyl alcohol} (also called {1-pentanol}) the other isomeric pentanols are not usually refered to as amyl alcohol. The amyl alcohol mixture in fusel oil forms a colorless liquid with a peculiar cough-exciting odor and burning taste. It is used as a source of amyl compounds, such as amyl acetate, amyl nitrite, etc. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Amyl alcohol — is an organic compound with the formula C5H11OH. All eight isomers of amyl alcohol are known::Three of these alcohols, active amyl alcohol, methyl (n) propyl carbinol, and methyl isopropyl carbinol, are optically active, as they contain an… …   Wikipedia

  • amyl alcohol — Alcohol Al co*hol ([a^]l k[ o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amyl alcohol — n any of eight isomeric alcohols C5H12O used esp. as solvents and in making esters also either of two commercially produced mixtures of amyl alcohols used esp. as solvents …   Medical dictionary

  • amyl alcohol — n. a colorless, sharp smelling alcohol, C5H11OH, obtained by the fermentation of starchy substances and also present in fusel oil: it has several isomeric forms …   English World dictionary

  • amyl alcohol — noun a mixture of 2 or more isomeric alcohols; used as a solvent and in organic synthesis • Hypernyms: ↑alcohol * * * noun 1. : pentyl alcohol 2. : either of two commercially produced mixtures of pentyl alcohols used chiefly in making esters and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • amyl alcohol — Chem. a colorless liquid, C5H12O, consisting of a mixture of two or more isomeric alcohols, derived from the pentanes, and used as a solvent and intermediate for organic synthesis: the main component of fusel oil. [1860 65] * * * ▪ chemical… …   Universalium

  • amyl alcohol — pentilo alkoholis statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₅OH atitikmenys: angl. amyl alcohol; pentyl alcohol rus. амиловый спирт; пентиловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – 1 pentanolis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • amyl alcohol — (Chemistry) colorless isomeric alcohol produced by combining two alcohol from the pentanes (used as a solvent and in organic synthesis) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • amyl alcohol — noun Date: 1863 any of eight isomeric alcohols C5H12O used especially as solvents and in making esters; also a commercially produced mixture of amyl alcohols used especially as a solvent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amyl alcohol — noun Any of the isomers of pentanol, CHOH; the principal constituent of fusel oil. Syn: pentanol …   Wiktionary

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