experimentation
Research Re*search" (r?-s?rch"), n. [Pref. re- + search: cf OF. recerche, F. recherche.] 1. Diligent inquiry or examination in seeking facts or principles; laborious or continued search after truth; as, researches of human wisdom; to research a topic in the library; medical research. [1913 Webster]

The dearest interests of parties have frequently been staked on the results of the researches of antiquaries. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

2. Systematic observation of phenomena for the purpose of learning new facts or testing the application of theories to known facts; -- also called {scientific research}. This is the research part of the phrase ``research and development'' (R&D).

Note: The distinctive characteristic of scientific research is the maintenance of records and careful control or observation of conditions under which the phenomena are studied so that others will be able to reproduce the observations. When the person conducting the research varies the conditions beforehand in order to test directly the effects of changing conditions on the results of the observation, such investigation is called {experimental research} or {experimentation} or {experimental science}; it is often conducted in a laboratory. If the investigation is conducted with a view to obtaining information directly useful in producing objects with commercial or practical utility, the research is called {applied research}. Investigation conducted for the primary purpose of discovering new facts about natural phenomena, or to elaborate or test theories about natural phenomena, is called {basic research} or {fundamental research}. Research in fields such as astronomy, in which the phenomena to be observed cannot be controlled by the experimenter, is called {observational research}. {Epidemiological research} is a type of observational research in which the researcher applies statistical methods to analyse patterns of occurrence of disease and its association with other phenomena within a population, with a view to understanding the origins or mode of transmission of the disease. [PJC]

Syn: Investigation; examination; inquiry; scrutiny. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • expérimentation — [ ɛksperimɑ̃tasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1834; de expérimenter 1 ♦ Action d expérimenter (2o). L expérimentation d un nouveau produit, d un médicament sur des animaux. ⇒ essai, expérience. Champ d expérimentation. 2 ♦ Sc. Emploi systématique de l expérience… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Experimentation — Ex*per i*men*ta tion, n. The act of experimenting; practice by experiment. J. S. Mill. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • experimentation — index research Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • experimentation — 1670s; see EXPERIMENT (Cf. experiment) + ATION (Cf. ation) …   Etymology dictionary

  • experimentation — [ek sper΄ə mən tā′shən, ek sper΄əmentā′shən; ik sper΄ə mən tā′shən, iksper΄ə men tā′shən; ] often [, ekspir΄ə mən tā′shən, ek spir΄ə men tā′shən; ikspir΄ə mən tā′shən, ik spir΄ə men tā′shən] n. [ML experimentatio] the conducting of experiments …   English World dictionary

  • experimentation —    by Bruce Baugh   In French, the word expérience means both experience and experiment . To experiment is to try new actions, methods, techniques and combinations, without aim or end (D&G 1983: 371). We experiment when we do not know what the… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • experimentation —    by Bruce Baugh   In French, the word expérience means both experience and experiment . To experiment is to try new actions, methods, techniques and combinations, without aim or end (D&G 1983: 371). We experiment when we do not know what the… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Experimentation — Méthode expérimentale Pour les articles homonymes, voir Expérience (homonymie). La Science et les Sciences Généralités Connaissance · Théorie · Savoir Classification des scienc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Expérimentation — Méthode expérimentale Pour les articles homonymes, voir Expérience (homonymie). La Science et les Sciences Généralités Connaissance · Théorie · Savoir Classification des scienc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • experimentation — ex|pe|ri|men|ta|tion [ıkˌsperımenˈteıʃən] n [U] 1.) the process of testing various ideas, methods etc to find out how good or effective they are experimentation with/in ▪ experimentation with computer assisted language learning 2.) the process of …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • experimentation — ex|per|i|men|ta|tion [ ık,sperımen teıʃn ] noun uncount FORMAL the process of testing various ideas, methods, or activities to see what effect they have: teenage sexual experimentation experimentation in/with: Experimentation with drugs is… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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