Exchequer bills
Exchequer Ex*cheq"uer, n. [OE. escheker, OF. eichekier, fr. LL. scaccarium. See {Checker}, {Chess}, {Check}.] 1. One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

Note: The exchequer was a court of law and equity. In the revenue department, it had jurisdiction over the proprietary rights of the crown against subjects; in the common law department, it administered justice in personal actions between subject and subject. A person proceeding against another in the revenue department was said to exchequer him. The judges of this court were one chief and four puisne barons, so styled. The Court of Exchequer Chamber sat as court of error in which the judgments of each of the superior courts of common law, in England, were subject to revision by the judges of the other two sitting collectively. Causes involving difficult questions of law were sometimes after argument, adjourned into this court from the other courts, for debate before judgment in the court below. Recent legislation in England (1880) has abolished the Court of Exchequer and the Court of Exchequer Chamber, as distinct tribunals, a single board of judiciary, the High Court of Justice, being established for the trial of all classes of civil cases. --Wharton. [1913 Webster]

2. The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. [Eng.] Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general; as, the company's exchequer is low. [1913 Webster]

{Barons of the exchequer}. See under {Baron}.

{Chancellor of the exchequer}. See under {Chancellor}.

{Exchequer bills} or {Exchequer bonds} (Eng.), bills of money, or promissory bills, issued from the exchequer by authority of Parliament; a species of paper currency emitted under the authority of the government, and bearing interest. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Exchequer-Bills — (engl.), in England Schatzkammerscheine oder Schatzscheine (s.d.), die das Ministerium nur infolge einer Ermächtigung durch ein Kreditvotum des Parlaments auszugeben befugt ist. Dieselben wurden zuerst 1696 unter Wilhelm III. an Stelle der damals …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • exchequer bills — Bills of credit issued in England by authority of parliament. Instruments issued at the exchequer, under the authority, for the most part, of acts of parliament passed for the purpose, and containing an engagement on the part of the government… …   Black's law dictionary

  • exchequer bills — Bills of credit issued in England by authority of parliament. Instruments issued at the exchequer, under the authority, for the most part, of acts of parliament passed for the purpose, and containing an engagement on the part of the government… …   Black's law dictionary

  • exchequer bills — English bills of credit issued by the government under the authority of parliament …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Exchequer — Ex*cheq uer, n. [OE. escheker, OF. eichekier, fr. LL. scaccarium. See {Checker}, {Chess}, {Check}.] 1. One of the superior courts of law; so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] Note:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Exchequer bonds — Exchequer Ex*cheq uer, n. [OE. escheker, OF. eichekier, fr. LL. scaccarium. See {Checker}, {Chess}, {Check}.] 1. One of the superior courts of law; so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [Eng.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Exchequer — (engl., spr. Ekstschekker), königliche Schatzkammer in England; daher Exchequer Bills, Schatzkammerscheine, Haupttheil der unfundirten britischen Staatsschuld, d.i. derjenigen, für welche keine bestimmten Einkünfte angewiesen sind. Zuerst wurden… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Exchequer Bonds — Exchequer Bonds, s. Exchequer Bills …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • exchequer — The English department of revenue. A very ancient court of record, set up by William the Conqueror, as a part of the aula regia, and intended principally to order the revenues of the crown, and to recover the king s debts and duties. It was… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Exchequer — (Ekstscheker), engl., eigentlich Schachbrett; gewürfeltes Tuch als Tischbedeckung; Behörden, welche vor demselben ihre Sitzung haben; court of exchequer, das Schatzkammergericht. E. Bills, Schatzkammerscheine, engl. Staatspapiere, zu deren… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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