Esox lucius

Esox lucius
Pike Pike, n. [F. pique; perhaps of Celtic origin; cf. W. pig a prick, a point, beak, Arm. pik pick. But cf. also L. picus woodpecker (see {Pie} magpie), and E. spike. Cf. {Pick}, n. & v., {Peak}, {Pique}.] 1. (Mil.) A foot soldier's weapon, consisting of a long wooden shaft or staff, with a pointed steel head. It is now superseded by the bayonet. [1913 Webster]

2. A pointed head or spike; esp., one in the center of a shield or target. --Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster]

3. A hayfork. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] --Tusser. [1913 Webster]

4. A pick. [Prov. Eng.] --Wright. Raymond. [1913 Webster]

5. A pointed or peaked hill. [R.] [1913 Webster]

6. A large haycock. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell. [1913 Webster]

7. A turnpike; a toll bar. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

8. (Zo["o]l.) sing. & pl. A large fresh-water fish ({Esox lucius}), found in Europe and America, highly valued as a food fish; -- called also {pickerel}, {gedd}, {luce}, and {jack}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Blue pike, grass pike, green pike, wall-eyed pike, and yellow pike, are names, not of true pike, but of the wall-eye. See {Wall-eye}. [1913 Webster]

{Gar pike}. See under {Gar}.

{Pike perch} (Zo["o]l.), any fresh-water fish of the genus {Stizostedion} (formerly {Lucioperca}). See {Wall-eye}, and {Sauger}.

{Pike pole}, a long pole with a pike in one end, used in directing floating logs.

{Pike whale} (Zo["o]l.), a finback whale of the North Atlantic ({Bal[ae]noptera rostrata}), having an elongated snout; -- called also {piked whale}.

{Sand pike} (Zo["o]l.), the lizard fish.

{Sea pike} (Zo["o]l.), the garfish (a) . [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Lucius — (Luzius) war ein römischer Vorname (praenomen), der selten auch als Familienname (nomen gentile) und Beinamen (cognomen) verwendet wurde. Er wurde meistens nur mit der Abkürzung L. wiedergegeben. Der Name leitet sich vermutlich von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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