Eschericia coli
bacteriophage acteriophage n. sing. & pl. a virus which infects bacteria; -- also colloquially called {phage} in laboratory jargon.

Note: Bacteriophages are of many varieties, generally specific for one or a narrow range of bacterial species, and almost every bacterium is susceptible to at least one bacteriophage. They may have DNA or RNA as their genetic component. Certain types of bacteriophage, called

{temperate bacteriophage}, may infect but not kill their host bacteria, residing in and replicating either as a plasmid or integrated into the host genome. Under certain conditions, a resident temperate phage may become induced to multiply rapidly and vegetatively, killing and lysing its host bacterium, and producing multiple progeny. The {lambda phage} of {Eschericia coli}, much studied in biochemical and genetic research, is of the temperate type. [PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eschericia coli — Induce In*duce , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Induced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Inducing}.] [L. inducere, inductum; pref. in in + ducere to lead. See {Duke}, and cf. {Induct}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To lead in; to introduce. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The poet may be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Eschericia coli — Isolate I so*late ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a]t or [imac]s [ o]*l[=a]t; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Isolated} ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] t[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Isolating} ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] t[i^]ng).] [It. isolato, p. p. of isolare to isolate, fr. isola… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beta helix — A beta helix is a protein structure formed by the association of parallel beta strands in a helical pattern with either two or three faces. The structure is stabilized by inter strand hydrogen bonds, protein protein interactions, and sometimes… …   Wikipedia

  • Hélice beta — Hélice β monomérica, de sentido antihorario de la proteína anticongelante de la mariposa Choristoneura fumiferana (Código PDB 1M8N) …   Wikipedia Español

  • bacteriophage — acteriophage n. sing. & pl. a virus which infects bacteria; also colloquially called {phage} in laboratory jargon. Note: Bacteriophages are of many varieties, generally specific for one or a narrow range of bacterial species, and almost every… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Induce — In*duce , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Induced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Inducing}.] [L. inducere, inductum; pref. in in + ducere to lead. See {Duke}, and cf. {Induct}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To lead in; to introduce. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The poet may be seen… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Induced — Induce In*duce , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Induced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Inducing}.] [L. inducere, inductum; pref. in in + ducere to lead. See {Duke}, and cf. {Induct}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To lead in; to introduce. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The poet may be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Inducing — Induce In*duce , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Induced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Inducing}.] [L. inducere, inductum; pref. in in + ducere to lead. See {Duke}, and cf. {Induct}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To lead in; to introduce. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The poet may be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Isolate — I so*late ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a]t or [imac]s [ o]*l[=a]t; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Isolated} ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] t[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Isolating} ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] t[i^]ng).] [It. isolato, p. p. of isolare to isolate, fr. isola island, L.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Isolated — Isolate I so*late ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a]t or [imac]s [ o]*l[=a]t; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Isolated} ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] t[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Isolating} ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] t[i^]ng).] [It. isolato, p. p. of isolare to isolate, fr. isola… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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