American gentian
Calumba Ca*lum"ba, n. [from kalumb, its native name in Mozambique.] (Med.) The root of a plant ({Jateorrhiza Calumba}, and probably {Cocculus palmatus}), indigenous in Mozambique. It has an unpleasantly bitter taste, and is used as a tonic and antiseptic. [Written also {colombo}, {columbo}, and {calombo}.] [1913 Webster]

{American calumba}, the {Frasera Carolinensis}, also called {American gentian}. Its root has been used in medicine as bitter tonic in place of calumba. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • American gentian — noun any of various tall perennial herbs constituting the genus Frasera; widely distributed in warm dry upland areas of California, Oregon, and Washington • Syn: ↑columbo, ↑American columbo, ↑deer s ear, ↑deer s ears, ↑pyramid plant • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • American columbo — noun any of various tall perennial herbs constituting the genus Frasera; widely distributed in warm dry upland areas of California, Oregon, and Washington • Syn: ↑columbo, ↑deer s ear, ↑deer s ears, ↑pyramid plant, ↑American gentian • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • American calumba — Calumba Ca*lum ba, n. [from kalumb, its native name in Mozambique.] (Med.) The root of a plant ({Jateorrhiza Calumba}, and probably {Cocculus palmatus}), indigenous in Mozambique. It has an unpleasantly bitter taste, and is used as a tonic and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gentian — Gen tian (j[e^]n shan or j[e^]n sh[i^]*an), n. [OE. genciane, F. gentiane, L. gentiana, fr. Gentius, an Illyrian king, said to have discovered its properties.] (Bot.) Any one of a genus ({Gentiana}) of herbaceous plants with opposite leaves and a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gentian violet — Chembox new ImageFile=Methyl Violet 10B.png ImageSize= IUPACName= OtherNames= Section1= Chembox Identifiers CASNo=548 62 9 PubChem=11057 SMILES= MeSHName=Gentian+violet Section2= Chembox Properties Formula=C25H30ClN3 MolarMass=407.979 Appearance …   Wikipedia

  • fringed gentian — noun any of various herbs of the genus Gentianopsis having the margins of the corolla lobes fringed; sometimes included in genus Gentiana • Hypernyms: ↑gentian • Hyponyms: ↑Gentianopsis crinita, ↑Gentiana crinita, ↑Gentianopsis detonsa, ↑Gentiana …   Useful english dictionary

  • soapwort gentian — noun erect perennial of wet woodlands of North America having leaves and flower buds resembling those of soapwort • Syn: ↑Gentiana saponaria • Hypernyms: ↑gentian * * * noun : an eastern No. American gentian (Gentiana saponaria) whose leaves and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • bastard gentian — noun 1. : a No. American gentian (Gentiana acuta) 2. : orange grass …   Useful english dictionary

  • Horse gentian — Gentian Gen tian (j[e^]n shan or j[e^]n sh[i^]*an), n. [OE. genciane, F. gentiane, L. gentiana, fr. Gentius, an Illyrian king, said to have discovered its properties.] (Bot.) Any one of a genus ({Gentiana}) of herbaceous plants with opposite… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Yellow gentian — Gentian Gen tian (j[e^]n shan or j[e^]n sh[i^]*an), n. [OE. genciane, F. gentiane, L. gentiana, fr. Gentius, an Illyrian king, said to have discovered its properties.] (Bot.) Any one of a genus ({Gentiana}) of herbaceous plants with opposite… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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