Elder tree
Elder El"der, n. [OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG. elloorn; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar, G. holunder; or perh. to E. alder, n.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs ({Sambucus}) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries. [1913 Webster]

Note: The common North American species is {Sambucus Canadensis}; the common European species ({S. nigra}) forms a small tree. The red-berried elder is {S. pubens}. The berries are diaphoretic and aperient. The European elder ({Sambucus nigra}) is also called the {elderberry}, {bourtree}, {Old World elder}, {black elder}, and {common elder}. [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

{Box elder}. See under 1st {Box}.

{Dwarf elder}. See {Danewort}.

{Elder tree}. (Bot.) Same as {Elder}. --Shak.

{Marsh elder}, the cranberry tree {Viburnum Opulus}). [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elder — El der, n. [OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG. elloorn; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar, G. holunder; or perh. to E. alder, n.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs ({Sambucus}) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elder Futhark — Type alphabet Languages Proto Germanic, Proto Norse, Gothic, Alamannic Time period 2 …   Wikipedia

  • elder — ‘older’ [OE] is not, of course, the same word as elder the tree name [OE]. The former began life in prehistoric Germanic as *althizon, the comparative form of *althaz ‘old’. Gradually, the vowel i had an effect on the preceding vowel a, and by… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • elder — ‘older’ [OE] is not, of course, the same word as elder the tree name [OE]. The former began life in prehistoric Germanic as *althizon, the comparative form of *althaz ‘old’. Gradually, the vowel i had an effect on the preceding vowel a, and by… …   Word origins

  • elder — Ⅰ. elder [1] ► ADJECTIVE ▪ (of one or more out of a group of people) of a greater age. ► NOUN 1) (one s elder) a person of greater age than oneself. 2) a leader or senior figure in a tribe. 3) an official or minister in certain Protestant… …   English terms dictionary

  • elder —    Traditional attitudes towards the elder are contradictory. Many people thought it evil, and would never lop it, bring its flowers into the house, or make tools from its wood; to burn it would bring death, or the Devil, into the house. Its… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • elder — elder1 /el deuhr/, adj. a compar. of old with eldest as superl. 1. of greater age; older. 2. of higher rank; senior: an elder officer. 3. of or pertaining to former times; earlier: Much that was forbidden by elder custom is accepted today. n. 4.… …   Universalium

  • tree — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. plant, sapling, scrub, shrub, bush; timber; whiffletree; stake; gibbet, gallows; family tree, pedigree, lineage. See vegetable, ancestry. II (Roget s IV) n. Common types of trees include: ash, elm,… …   English dictionary for students

  • elder — {{11}}elder (1) more old, O.E. (Mercian) eldra, comparative of eald, ald (see OLD (Cf. old)); only English survival of umlaut in comparison. Superseded by older since 16c. Elder statesman (1921) originally was a translation of Japanese genro… …   Etymology dictionary

  • elder — el|der1 [ eldər ] adjective only before noun * older than someone, especially someone in your family: The elder son works on a farm. elder brother/sister: advice from my elder brother a. the elder the person who is older, especially of two people …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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