Economic E`co*nom"ic (?; 277), Economical E`co*nom"ic*al, a. [F. ['e]conomique, L. oeconomicus orderly, methodical, Gr. ? economical. See {Economy}.] 1. Pertaining to the household; domestic. ``In this economical misfortune [of ill-assorted matrimony.]'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Relating to domestic economy, or to the management of household affairs. [1913 Webster]

And doth employ her economic art And busy care, her household to preserve. --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster]

3. Managing with frugality; guarding against waste or unnecessary expense; careful and frugal in management and in expenditure; -- said of character or habits. [1913 Webster]

Just rich enough, with economic care, To save a pittance. --Harte. [1913 Webster]

4. Managed with frugality; not marked with waste or extravagance; using the minimum of time or effort or resources required for effectiveness; frugal; -- said of acts; saving; as, an economical use of money or of time; an economic use of home heating oil. [WordNet sense 3] [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

5. of or pertaining to the national or regional economy; relating to political economy; relating to the means of living, or the resources and wealth of a country; relating to the production or consumption of goods and services of a nation or region; as, economic growth; economic purposes; economical truths; an economic downturn. [1913 Webster]

These matters economical and political. --J. C. Shairp. [1913 Webster]

There was no economical distress in England to prompt the enterprises of colonization. --Palfrey. [1913 Webster]

Economic questions, such as money, usury, taxes, lands, and the employment of the people. --H. C. Baird. [1913 Webster]

6. Regulative; relating to the adaptation of means to an end. --Grew. [1913 Webster]

7. of or pertaining to economics. economic theory [WordNet 1.5]

8. profitable. Opposite of {uneconomic}. [WordNet sense 4] [WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

9. avoiding waste; as, an economical meal. Opposite of {wasteful}.

Syn: frugal, scotch, sparing, stinting, thrifty. [WordNet 1.5]

Note: Economical is the usual form when meaning frugal, saving; economic is the form commonly used when meaning pertaining to the management of a household, or of public affairs. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


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