Eastern Church
Eastern Church Eastern Church That portion of the Christian church which prevails in the countries once comprised in the Eastern Roman Empire and the countries converted to Christianity by missionaries from them. Its full official title is {The Orthodox Catholic Apostolic Eastern Church}. It became estranged from the Western, or Roman, Church over the question of papal supremacy and the doctrine of the filioque, and a separation, begun in the latter part of the 9th century, became final in 1054. The Eastern Church consists of twelve (thirteen if the Bulgarian Church be included) mutually independent churches (including among these the Hellenic Church, or Church of Greece, and the Russian Church), using the vernacular (or some ancient form of it) in divine service and varying in many points of detail, but standing in full communion with each other and united as equals in a great federation. The highest five authorities are the patriarch of Constantinople, or ecumenical patriarch (whose position is not one of supremacy, but of precedence), the patriarch of Alexandria, the patriarch of Jerusalem, the patriarch of Antioch, and the Holy Synod of Russia. The Eastern Church accepts the first seven ecumenical councils (and is hence styled only schismatic, not heretical, by the Roman Catholic Church), has as its creed the Niceno-Constantinopolitan (without the later addition of the filioque, which, with the doctrine it represents, the church decisively rejects), baptizes infants with trine immersion, makes confirmation follow immediately upon baptism, administers the Communion in both kinds (using leavened bread) and to infants as well as adults, permits its secular clergy to marry before ordination and to keep their wives afterward, but not to marry a second time, selects its bishops from the monastic clergy only, recognizes the offices of bishop, priest, and deacon as the three necessary degrees of orders, venerates relics and icons, and has an elaborate ritual. See also {Greek Church}, under {Greek}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eastern Church — n. 1. Historical the Christian Church in much of the eastern part of the Roman Empire, consisting of the four patriarchates in eastern Europe, western Asia, and Egypt, headed by the bishops of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem:… …   English World dictionary

  • Eastern Church — (also Eastern Orthodox Church) ► NOUN 1) another name for ORTHODOX CHURCH(Cf. ↑Orthodox Church). 2) any of the Christian Churches originating in eastern Europe and the Middle East …   English terms dictionary

  • Eastern Church — noun 1. derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites • Syn: ↑Orthodox Church, ↑Orthodox Catholic Church, ↑Eastern Orthodox Church, ↑Eastern Orthodox • Members of this Topic: ↑canonization, ↑canonisation, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eastern Church —    The collective term by which is designated the Churches which formerly made part of the Eastern Empire of Rome. The Greek, Russian, Coptic, Armenian, Syrian and other eastern churches are those usually included in this Communion. But in… …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Eastern Church — East′ern Church′ n. 1) rel any of the churches originating in countries formerly part of the Eastern Roman Empire, observing an Eastern rite and adhering to the Nicene Creed; Byzantine Church 2) rel Orthodox Church 2) • Etymology: 1585–95 …   From formal English to slang

  • Eastern Church — 1. any of the churches originating in countries formerly part of the Eastern Roman Empire, observing an Eastern rite and adhering to the Niceno Constantinopolitan Creed; Byzantine Church. 2. See Orthodox Church (def. 2). [1585 95] * * * …   Universalium

  • Eastern Church — (also Eastern Orthodox Church) noun another name for Orthodox Church. ↘any of the Christian Churches originating in eastern Europe and the Middle East …   English new terms dictionary

  • Eastern Church — /ˈistən tʃɜtʃ/ (say eestuhn cherch) noun 1. the Christian church of the countries formerly comprising the Eastern Roman Empire, the eastern division of the Roman Empire, and, after AD 476, the Roman Empire with its capital at Constantinople. 2.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • EASTERN CHURCH —    See GREEK CHURCH …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • eastern church — n. Catholic churches originating in countries that formerly formed part of the Byzantine Empire; the Orthodox church …   English contemporary dictionary

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