E Europaeus
Spindle Spin"dle, n. [AS. spinal, fr. spinnan to spin; akin to D. spil, G. spille, spindel, OHG. spinnala. [root]170. See {Spin}.] 1. The long, round, slender rod or pin in spinning wheels by which the thread is twisted, and on which, when twisted, it is wound; also, the pin on which the bobbin is held in a spinning machine, or in the shuttle of a loom. [1913 Webster]

2. A slender rod or pin on which anything turns; an axis; as, the spindle of a vane. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) (Mach.) The shaft, mandrel, or arbor, in a machine tool, as a lathe or drilling machine, etc., which causes the work to revolve, or carries a tool or center, etc. [1913 Webster] (b) (Mach.) The vertical rod on which the runner of a grinding mill turns. [1913 Webster] (c) (Founding) A shaft or pipe on which a core of sand is formed. [1913 Webster]

3. The fusee of a watch. [1913 Webster]

4. A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle. [1913 Webster]

5. A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards; in linen yarn, 14,400 yards. [1913 Webster]

6. (Geom.) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved line about its base or double ordinate or chord. [1913 Webster]

7. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Any marine univalve shell of the genus {Rostellaria}; -- called also {spindle stromb}. (b) Any marine gastropod of the genus {Fusus}. [1913 Webster]

{Dead spindle} (Mach.), a spindle in a machine tool that does not revolve; the spindle of the tailstock of a lathe.

{Live spindle} (Mach.), the revolving spindle of a machine tool; the spindle of the headstock of a turning lathe.

{Spindle shell}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Spindle}, 7. above.

{Spindle side}, the female side in descent; in the female line; opposed to {spear side}. --Ld. Lytton. [R.] ``King Lycaon, grandson, by the spindle side, of Oceanus.'' --Lowell.

{Spindle tree} (Bot.), any shrub or tree of the genus {Eunymus}. The wood of {E. Europ[ae]us} was used for spindles and skewers. See {Prickwood}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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