Alpine scurvy
Pellagra Pel"la*gra (p[e^]l"l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal disturbance and nervous symptoms. It is due to a deficiency of niacin in the diet, and may be caused by malnutrition, or, in some cases, by a heavy dependence on maize for food. It was at one time (ca. 1890) endemic in Northern Italy, and was called {Alpine scurvy}. It may also be caused by alcoholism or diease causing an impairment of nutrition. It is also called {St. Ignatius's itch}, {maidism}, {mal de la rosa}, {mal rosso}, and {psychoneurosis maidica}. A variety of pellagra seen in children is called {infantile pellagra} or {kwashiorkor}. --[Stedman] [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alpine scurvy — noun a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scurvy-grass Sorrel — Taxobox name = Scurvy grass Sorrel image width = 240px regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Oxalidales familia = Oxalidaceae genus = Oxalis species = O. enneaphylla binomial = Oxalis enneaphylla binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Scurvy — A disorder caused by lack of vitamin C. Symptoms include anemia; soft, bleeding gums; and bumps under the skin near muscles. Scurvy in early childhood can cause musculoskeletal problems. Treatment is by including foods high in vitamin C in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • hypovitaminosis — noun any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins • Syn: ↑avitaminosis • Derivationally related forms: ↑avitaminotic (for: ↑avitaminosis) • Hypernyms: ↑malnutrition …   Useful english dictionary

  • infantile pellagra — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kwashiorkor — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • maidism — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mal de la rosa — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mal rosso — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pellagra — Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal disturbance …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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