Diurnal motion of the earth
Diurnal Di*ur"nal, a. [L. diurnalis, fr. dies day. See {Deity}, and cf. {Journal}.] 1. Relating to the daytime; belonging to the period of daylight, distinguished from the night; -- opposed to {nocturnal}; as, diurnal heat; diurnal hours. [1913 Webster]

2. Daily; recurring every day; performed in a day; going through its changes in a day; constituting the measure of a day; as, a diurnal fever; a diurnal task; diurnal aberration, or diurnal parallax; the diurnal revolution of the earth. [1913 Webster]

Ere twice the horses of the sun shall bring Their fiery torcher his diurnal ring. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) Opening during the day, and closing at night; -- said of flowers or leaves. [1913 Webster]

4. (Zo["o]l.) Active by day; -- applied especially to the eagles and hawks among raptorial birds, and to butterflies (Diurna) among insects. [1913 Webster]

{Diurnal aberration} (Anat.), the aberration of light arising from the effect of the earth's rotation upon the apparent direction of motion of light.

{Diurnal arc}, the arc described by the sun during the daytime or while above the horizon; hence, the arc described by the moon or a star from rising to setting.

{Diurnal circle}, the apparent circle described by a celestial body in consequence of the earth's rotation.

{Diurnal motion of the earth}, the motion of the earth upon its axis which is described in twenty-four hours.

{Diurnal motion of a heavenly body}, that apparent motion of the heavenly body which is due to the earth's diurnal motion.

{Diurnal parallax}. See under {Parallax}.

{Diurnal revolution of a planet}, the motion of the planet upon its own axis which constitutes one complete revolution.

Syn: See {Daily}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diurnal motion of a heavenly body — Diurnal Di*ur nal, a. [L. diurnalis, fr. dies day. See {Deity}, and cf. {Journal}.] 1. Relating to the daytime; belonging to the period of daylight, distinguished from the night; opposed to {nocturnal}; as, diurnal heat; diurnal hours. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diurnal acceleration of the fixed stars — Acceleration Ac*cel er*a tion, n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F. acc[ e]l[ e]ration.] The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diurnal revolution of a planet — Diurnal Di*ur nal, a. [L. diurnalis, fr. dies day. See {Deity}, and cf. {Journal}.] 1. Relating to the daytime; belonging to the period of daylight, distinguished from the night; opposed to {nocturnal}; as, diurnal heat; diurnal hours. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diurnal motion — is an astronomical term referring to the apparent daily motion of stars around the Earth, or more precisely around the two celestial poles. It is caused by the Earth s rotation on its axis, so every star apparently moves on a circle, that is… …   Wikipedia

  • diurnal motion — Astron. the apparent daily motion, caused by the earth s rotation, of celestial bodies across the sky. * * * ▪ astronomy       apparent daily motion of the heavens from east to west in which celestial objects seem to rise and set, a phenomenon… …   Universalium

  • diurnal motion — noun : the apparent westward motion of the celestial sphere and celestial bodies resulting from the rotation of the earth; also : the earth s rotation * * * Astron. the apparent daily motion, caused by the earth s rotation, of celestial bodies… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Orbit of the Moon — Not to be confused with Lunar orbit in the sense of a selenocentric orbit, that is, an orbit around the Moon The Moon completes its orbit around the Earth in approximately 27.3 days (a sidereal month). The Earth and Moon orbit about their… …   Wikipedia

  • Acceleration of the moon — Acceleration Ac*cel er*a tion, n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F. acc[ e]l[ e]ration.] The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Acceleration of the planets — Acceleration Ac*cel er*a tion, n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F. acc[ e]l[ e]ration.] The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • retardation of the tides — Acceleration Ac*cel er*a tion, n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F. acc[ e]l[ e]ration.] The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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