Diffraction
Diffraction Dif*frac"tion, n. [Cf. F. diffraction.] (Opt.) The deflection and decomposition of light in passing by the edges of opaque bodies or through narrow slits, causing the appearance of parallel bands or fringes of prismatic colors, as by the action of a grating of fine lines or bars. [1913 Webster]

Remarked by Grimaldi (1665), and referred by him to a property of light which he called diffraction. --Whewell. [1913 Webster]

{Diffraction grating}. (Optics) See under {Grating}.

{Diffraction spectrum}. (Optics) See under {Spectrum}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diffraction — La diffraction est le comportement des ondes lorsqu elles rencontrent un obstacle qui ne leur est pas complètement transparent ; le phénomène peut être interprété par la diffusion d une onde par les points de l objet. La diffraction se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • diffraction — [ difraksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1666; du lat. diffractus, p. p. de diffringere « mettre en morceaux » ♦ Phys. Phénomène optique de déviation des rayons lumineux, au voisinage de corps opaques. ⇒ déflexion, dispersion. Par ext. Phénomène analogue pour d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • diffraction — 1670s, from Fr. diffraction (17c.) or directly from Mod.L. diffractionem (nom. diffractio), noun of action from pp. stem of L. diffringere break in pieces, from dis apart (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + frangere to break (see FRACTION (Cf. fraction)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Diffraction — des Lichts, s. Beugung des Lichts …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • diffraction — DIFFRACTION. sub. fém. Terme d Optique. Inflexion ou détour que subissent les rayons de lumière en rasant la surface d un corps …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • diffraction — ► NOUN Physics ▪ the process by which a beam of light or other system of waves is spread out as a result of passing through a narrow aperture or across an edge. DERIVATIVES diffract verb diffractive adjective. ORIGIN Latin, from diffringere break …   English terms dictionary

  • diffraction — [di frak′shən] n. [ML diffractio < L diffractus: see DIFFRACT] 1. the breaking up of a ray of light into dark and light bands or into the colors of the spectrum, caused by the interference of one part of a beam with another, as when the ray is …   English World dictionary

  • Diffraction — Computer generated intensity pattern formed on a screen by diffraction from a square aperture …   Wikipedia

  • diffraction — /di frak sheuhn/, n. Physics. 1. the phenomenon exhibited by wave fronts that, passing the edge of an opaque body, are modulated, thereby causing a redistribution of energy within the front: it is detectable in light waves by the presence of a… …   Universalium

  • diffraction — (di ffra ksion ; en vers, de quatre syllabes) s. f. Terme de physique. Inflexion que les rayons lumineux éprouvent, lorsque, eu passant près des extrémités d un corps, ils s écartent de leur route directe. SYNONYME    DIFFRACTION, RÉFRACTION. La… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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