Diet of Speyer
Diet Di"et, n. [F. di[`e]te, LL. dieta, diaeta, an assembly, a day's journey; the same word as diet course of living, but with the sense changed by L. dies day: cf. G. tag day, and {Reichstag}.] A legislative or administrative assembly in Germany, Poland, and some other countries of Europe; a deliberative convention; a council; as, the Diet of Worms, held in 1521. Specifically: Any of various national or local assemblies; as, (a) Occasionally, the Reichstag of the German Empire, Reichsrath of the Austrian Empire, the federal legislature of Switzerland, etc. (b) The legislature of Denmark, Sweden, Japan, or Hungary. (c) The state assembly or any of various local assemblies in the states of the German Empire, as the legislature (Landtag) of the kingdom of Prussia, and the Diet of the Circle (Kreistag) in its local government. (d) The local legislature (Landtag) of an Austrian province. (e) The federative assembly of the old Germanic Confederation (1815 -- 66). (f) In the old German or Holy Roman Empire, the great formal assembly of counselors (the Imperial Diet or Reichstag) or a small, local, or informal assembly of a similar kind (the Court Diet, or Hoftag).

Note: The most celebrated Imperial Diets are the three following, all held under Charles V.:

{Diet of Worms}, 1521, the object of which was to check the Reformation and which condemned Luther as a heretic;

{Diet of Spires}, or {Diet of Speyer}, 1529, which had the same object and issued an edict against the further dissemination of the new doctrines, against which edict Lutheran princes and deputies protested (hence Protestants):

{Diet of Augsburg}, 1530, the object of which was the settlement of religious disputes, and at which the Augsburg Confession was presented but was denounced by the emperor, who put its adherents under the imperial ban. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diet of Speyer — or Diet of Spires refers to any of the sessions of the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire, of which 50 took place between 838 and 1570 in the city of Speyer (Spires), now in Germany. The most famous sessions occurred in 1526 and 1529. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Diet of Speyer (1526) — For other Diets of Speyer, see Diet of Speyer. The Diet of Speyer or the Diet of Spires (sometimes referred to as Speyer I) was a diet of the Holy Roman Empire in 1526 in the Imperial City of Speyer (or Spires, in present day Germany). The diet s …   Wikipedia

  • Diet of Speyer (1529) — For other Diets of Speyer, see Diet of Speyer. The Diet of Speyer or the Diet of Spires (sometimes referred to as Speyer II) was a diet of the Holy Roman Empire in 1529 in the Imperial City of Speyer (or Spires, in present day Germany). The diet… …   Wikipedia

  • Diet of Speyer (1570) — For other Diets of Speyer, see Diet of Speyer. The Diet of Speyer or the Diet of Spires (sometimes referred to as Speyer V) was a diet of the Holy Roman Empire in 1570 in the Imperial City of Speyer (alos known as Spires, in present day Germany) …   Wikipedia

  • Diet of Speyer (1544) — The Fourth Imperial Diet of Speyer, also referred to as the Diet of 1544,[1] was a meeting of princes in the Holy Roman Empire, called together on February 20, 1544[1] by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Charles called the meeting because he wanted …   Wikipedia

  • First Diet of Speyer — The First Diet of Speyer was the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire in the city of Speyer, Germany.CauseAs Protestantism advanced, the execution of the Edict of Worms (1521 mdash;Edict by Charles V outlawing Luther and all his writings with death… …   Wikipedia

  • Second Diet of Speyer — The Second Diet of Speyer was convened in March, 1529, for action against the Turks, whose armies were pressing forward in Hungary, and would besiege Vienna later in the year, and against the further progress of Protestantism.The Diet opened on… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourth Diet of Speyer — The Fourth Imperial Diet of Speyer, also referred to as the Diet of 1544,Herzog, p. 46.] was a meeting of princes in the Holy Roman Empire, called together on February 20, 1544 by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Charles called the meeting because… …   Wikipedia

  • Diet of Augsburg — Diet Di et, n. [F. di[ e]te, LL. dieta, diaeta, an assembly, a day s journey; the same word as diet course of living, but with the sense changed by L. dies day: cf. G. tag day, and {Reichstag}.] A legislative or administrative assembly in Germany …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diet of Spires — Diet Di et, n. [F. di[ e]te, LL. dieta, diaeta, an assembly, a day s journey; the same word as diet course of living, but with the sense changed by L. dies day: cf. G. tag day, and {Reichstag}.] A legislative or administrative assembly in Germany …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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