Dextrose Dex"trose` (d[e^]ks"tr[=o]s`), n. [See {Dexter}.] (Chem.) A sirupy, or white crystalline, variety of sugar, {C6H12O6} (so called from turning the plane of polarization to the right), occurring in many ripe fruits, and also called {glucose}. Dextrose and levulose are obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or sucrose, and hence the mixture is called called invert sugar. Dextrose is chiefly obtained by the action of heat and acids on starch, and hence called also {starch sugar}. It is also formed from starchy food by the action of the amylolytic ferments of saliva and pancreatic juice. [1913 Webster]

Note: The solid products are known to the trade as {grape sugar}; the sirupy products as {glucose}, or {mixing sirup}. These are harmless, but are only about half as sweet as cane sugar or sucrose.

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dextrose — [ dɛkstroz ] n. m. • 1878; de dextr(o) et 1. ose ♦ Glucose. ● dextrose nom masculin Synonyme vieilli de glucose. ● dextrose (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : glucose …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dextrose — dextrose. См. декстроза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Dextrose — Dextrose, soviel wie Traubenzucker …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dextrose — Dextrose, ältere Bezeichnung für den Traubenzucker, durch die derselbe als die Ebene des polarisierten Lichtstrahles nach rechts drehend von dem linksdrehenden Fruchtzucker, der Lävulose, unterschieden wurde. Heute ist dieser Name nur noch wenig… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Dextrose — Dextrōse, s.v.w. Traubenzucker …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dextrose — Dextrose,die:⇨Traubenzucker …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • dextrose — 1867, shortened from dextro glucose, from comb. form of L. dexter right (see DEXTERITY (Cf. dexterity)) + ose, chemical suffix indicating a sugar. So called because this form of glucose polarizes light to the right in spectroscopy …   Etymology dictionary

  • dextrose — [deks′trōs΄] n. [ DEXTR + OSE2] a right handed form of glucose found in plants and animals and in the human blood, and made by the hydrolysis of starch with acids or enzymes …   English World dictionary

  • Dextrose — Glucose Glucose Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • dextrose — Glucose Glu cose , n. [Gr. ? sweet. Cf. {Glycerin}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A variety of sugar occurring in nature very abundantly, as in ripe grapes, and in honey, and produced in great quantities from starch, etc., by the action of heat and acids.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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