Dervise
Dervish Der"vish, Dervise Der"vise, Dervis Der"vis, n. [Per. derw[=e]sch, fr. OPer. derew to beg, ask alms: cf. F. derviche.] 1. A Turkish or Persian monk, especially one who professes extreme poverty and leads an austere life. [1913 Webster]

2. One of the fanatical followers of the Mahdi, in the Sudan, in the 1880's. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. in modern times, a member of an ascetic Mohammedan sect notable for its devotional exercises, which include energetic chanting or shouting and rhythmic bodily movement, such as whirling, leading to a trance-like state or ecstasy. From these exercises the phrase whirling dervish is derived. [PJC]

4. figuratively, a person who whirls or engages in frenzied activity reminiscent of the dervish[3] dancing. [PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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