Deposition Dep`o*si"tion, n. [L. depositio, fr. deponere: cf. F. d['e]position. See {Deposit}.] 1. The act of depositing or deposing; the act of laying down or thrown down; precipitation. [1913 Webster]

The deposition of rough sand and rolled pebbles. --H. Miller. [1913 Webster]

2. The act of bringing before the mind; presentation. [1913 Webster]

The influence of princes upon the dispositions of their courts needs not the deposition of their examples, since it hath the authority of a known principle. --W. Montagu. [1913 Webster]

3. The act of setting aside a sovereign or a public officer; deprivation of authority and dignity; displacement; removal. [1913 Webster]

Note: A deposition differs from an abdication, an abdication being voluntary, and a deposition compulsory. [1913 Webster]

4. That which is deposited; matter laid or thrown down; sediment; alluvial matter; as, banks are sometimes depositions of alluvial matter. [1913 Webster]

5. An opinion, example, or statement, laid down or asserted; a declaration. [1913 Webster]

6. (Law) The act of laying down one's testimony in writing; also, testimony laid or taken down in writing, under oath or affirmation, before some competent officer, and in reply to interrogatories and cross-interrogatories.

Syn: {Deposition}, {Affidavit}.

Usage: Affidavit is the wider term. It denotes any authorized ex parte written statement of a person, sworn to or affirmed before some competent magistrate. It is made without cross-examination, and requires no notice to an opposing party. It is generally signed by the party making it, and may be drawn up by himself or any other person. A deposition is the written testimony of a witness, taken down in due form of law, and sworn to or affirmed by the deponent. It must be taken before some authorized magistrate, and upon a prescribed or reasonable notice to the opposing party, that may attend and cross-examine. It is generally written down from the mouth of the witness by the magistrate, or some person for him, and in his presence. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

(in writing, signed and sworn to before a magistrate, after cross-examination), , / , , ,

Look at other dictionaries:

  • déposition — [ depozisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIe; lat. jur. depositio 1 ♦ Déclaration sous la foi du serment (de qqn qui témoigne en justice). ⇒ témoignage. Faire, signer sa déposition. Recueillir une déposition. Lire au témoin sa déposition (⇒ récoler) . « Les lois… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Deposition — or Depose may refer to: Deposition (law), taking testimony outside of court Deposition (chemistry), molecules settling out of a solution Thin film deposition, any technique for depositing a thin film of material onto a substrate or onto… …   Wikipedia

  • Deposition — • An ecclesiastical vindictive penalty by which a cleric is forever deprived of his office or benefice and of the right of exercising the functions of his orders Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Deposition     Deposition …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • deposition — de·po·si·tion /ˌde pə zi shən/ n [Late Latin depositio testimony, from Latin, act of depositing, from deponere to put down, deposit] 1 a: a statement that is made under oath by a party or witness (as an expert) in response to oral examination or… …   Law dictionary

  • déposition — DÉPOSITION. s. fém. Destitution, privation d une Charge, d un Office, d une. Dignité, d un Emploi. La déposition d un Officier. La déposition d un Évêque. La déposition du Sultan. La déposition de cet Empereur fut suivie de guerres.Déposition,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • deposition — Deposition. s. f. Destitution, privation d une Charge, d un office, d une dignité, d un employ. La deposition de cet Empereur fut suivie de guerres. Deposition, signifie aussi Ce qu un tesmoin depose & affirme par devant le Juge qui l interroge.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • deposition — dep‧o‧si‧tion [ˌdepəˈzɪʆn, ˌdiː ] noun [countable] LAW a formal statement that someone makes to a court about facts relating to a court case: • The plant safety director said in a deposition that the broken cable should have been repaired the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Deposition — Déposition Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. La déposition est une transition de phase lorsqu un gaz se condense en solide. La Déposition de croix est une fresque du peintre Giotto. Ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • deposition — late 14c., dethronement, putting down from dignity or authority, from O.Fr. deposicion (12c.), from L. depositionem (nom. depositio), noun of action from pp. stem of deponere (see DEPOSIT (Cf. deposit)). Meaning statements made in court under… …   Etymology dictionary

  • deposition — [n1] dethroning, ousting degradation, discharge, dismissal, displacement, ejection, impeachment, overthrow, removal, unfrocking; concepts 133,298,320 deposition [n2] attestation of truth, especially in legal matters affidavit, affirmation,… …   New thesaurus

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