Dead weight

Dead weight
Dead Dead (d[e^]d), a. [OE. ded, dead, deed, AS. de['a]d; akin to OS. d[=o]d, D. dood, G. todt, tot, Icel. dau[eth]r, Sw. & Dan. d["o]d, Goth. daubs; prop. p. p. of an old verb meaning to die. See {Die}, and cf. {Death}.] 1. Deprived of life; -- opposed to {alive} and {living}; reduced to that state of a being in which the organs of motion and life have irrevocably ceased to perform their functions; as, a dead tree; a dead man. ``The queen, my lord, is dead.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

The crew, all except himself, were dead of hunger. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster]

Seek him with candle, bring him dead or living. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. Destitute of life; inanimate; as, dead matter. [1913 Webster]

3. Resembling death in appearance or quality; without show of life; deathlike; as, a dead sleep. [1913 Webster]

4. Still as death; motionless; inactive; useless; as, dead calm; a dead load or weight. [1913 Webster]

5. So constructed as not to transmit sound; soundless; as, a dead floor. [1913 Webster]

6. Unproductive; bringing no gain; unprofitable; as, dead capital; dead stock in trade. [1913 Webster]

7. Lacking spirit; dull; lusterless; cheerless; as, dead eye; dead fire; dead color, etc. [1913 Webster]

8. Monotonous or unvaried; as, a dead level or pain; a dead wall. ``The ground is a dead flat.'' --C. Reade. [1913 Webster]

9. Sure as death; unerring; fixed; complete; as, a dead shot; a dead certainty. [1913 Webster]

I had them a dead bargain. --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster]

10. Bringing death; deadly. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

11. Wanting in religious spirit and vitality; as, dead faith; dead works. ``Dead in trespasses.'' --Eph. ii. 1. [1913 Webster]

12. (Paint.) (a) Flat; without gloss; -- said of painting which has been applied purposely to have this effect. (b) Not brilliant; not rich; thus, brown is a dead color, as compared with crimson. [1913 Webster]

13. (Law) Cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power of enjoying the rights of property; as, one banished or becoming a monk is civilly dead. [1913 Webster]

14. (Mach.) Not imparting motion or power; as, the dead spindle of a lathe, etc. See {Spindle}. [1913 Webster]

15. (Elec.) Carrying no current, or producing no useful effect; -- said of a conductor in a dynamo or motor, also of a telegraph wire which has no instrument attached and, therefore, is not in use. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

16. Out of play; regarded as out of the game; -- said of a ball, a piece, or a player under certain conditions in cricket, baseball, checkers, and some other games.

[In golf], a ball is said to lie dead when it lies so near the hole that the player is certain to hole it in the next stroke. --Encyc. of Sport. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Dead ahead} (Naut.), directly ahead; -- said of a ship or any object, esp. of the wind when blowing from that point toward which a vessel would go.

{Dead angle} (Mil.), an angle or space which can not be seen or defended from behind the parapet.

{Dead block}, either of two wooden or iron blocks intended to serve instead of buffers at the end of a freight car.

{Dead calm} (Naut.), no wind at all.

{Dead center}, or {Dead point} (Mach.), either of two points in the orbit of a crank, at which the crank and connecting rod lie a straight line. It corresponds to the end of a stroke; as, A and B are dead centers of the crank mechanism in which the crank C drives, or is driven by, the lever L.

{Dead color} (Paint.), a color which has no gloss upon it.

{Dead coloring} (Oil paint.), the layer of colors, the preparation for what is to follow. In modern painting this is usually in monochrome.

{Dead door} (Shipbuilding), a storm shutter fitted to the outside of the quarter-gallery door.

{Dead flat} (Naut.), the widest or midship frame.

{Dead freight} (Mar. Law), a sum of money paid by a person who charters a whole vessel but fails to make out a full cargo. The payment is made for the unoccupied capacity. --Abbott.

{Dead ground} (Mining), the portion of a vein in which there is no ore.

{Dead hand}, a hand that can not alienate, as of a person civilly dead. ``Serfs held in dead hand.'' --Morley. See {Mortmain}.

{Dead head} (Naut.), a rough block of wood used as an anchor buoy.

{Dead heat}, a heat or course between two or more race horses, boats, etc., in which they come out exactly equal, so that neither wins.

{Dead horse}, an expression applied to a debt for wages paid in advance. [Law]

{Dead language}, a language which is no longer spoken or in common use by a people, and is known only in writings, as the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.

{Dead plate} (Mach.), a solid covering over a part of a fire grate, to prevent the entrance of air through that part.

{Dead pledge}, a mortgage. See {Mortgage}.

{Dead point}. (Mach.) See {Dead center}.

{Dead reckoning} (Naut.), the method of determining the place of a ship from a record kept of the courses sailed as given by compass, and the distance made on each course as found by log, with allowance for leeway, etc., without the aid of celestial observations.

{Dead rise}, the transverse upward curvature of a vessel's floor.

{Dead rising}, an elliptical line drawn on the sheer plan to determine the sweep of the floorheads throughout the ship's length.

{Dead-Sea apple}. See under {Apple}.

{Dead set}. See under {Set}.

{Dead shot}. (a) An unerring marksman. (b) A shot certain to be made.

{Dead smooth}, the finest cut made; -- said of files.

{Dead wall} (Arch.), a blank wall unbroken by windows or other openings.

{Dead water} (Naut.), the eddy water closing in under a ship's stern when sailing.

{Dead weight}. (a) A heavy or oppressive burden. --Dryden. (b) (Shipping) A ship's lading, when it consists of heavy goods; or, the heaviest part of a ship's cargo. (c) (Railroad) The weight of rolling stock, the live weight being the load. --Knight.

{Dead wind} (Naut.), a wind directly ahead, or opposed to the ship's course.

{To be dead}, to die. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

I deme thee, thou must algate be dead. --Chaucer.

Syn: Inanimate; deceased; extinct. See {Lifeless}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dead weight — Weight Weight, n. [OE. weght, wight, AS. gewiht; akin to D. gewigt, G. gewicht, Icel. v[ae]tt, Sw. vigt, Dan. v[ae]gt. See {Weigh}, v. t.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they tend toward the center… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dead weight — dead weights 1) N COUNT A dead weight is a load which is surprisingly heavy and difficult to lift. He hoisted the dead weight over his shoulder. 2) N COUNT: usu sing You can refer to something that makes change or progress difficult as a dead… …   English dictionary

  • dead weight — dead′ weight′ or dead′weight′ n. 1) the heavy, unrelieved weight of anything inert 2) a heavy burden or responsibility • Etymology: 1650–60 …   From formal English to slang

  • dead weight — n. 1. the weight of an inert person or thing 2. a heavy or oppressive burden 3. the weight of a vehicle without a load 4. DEAD LOAD …   English World dictionary

  • dead-weight — deadˈ weightˈ noun 1. Unrelieved weight 2. Heavy and oppressive burden 3. Difference in a ship s displacement loaded and light • • • Main Entry: ↑dead …   Useful english dictionary

  • dead weight — noun 1. ) count something that is very heavy and difficult to lift or carry a ) someone who cannot be lifted easily because they are sleeping, unconscious, or dead 2. ) singular something that makes it difficult for development, progress, or… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • dead weight — UK / US noun Word forms dead weight : singular dead weight plural dead weights 1) a) [countable] something that is very heavy and difficult to lift or carry b) someone who cannot be lifted easily because they are sleeping, unconscious, or dead 2) …   English dictionary

  • dead weight — 1. the heavy, unrelieved weight of anything inert: The dead weight of the bear s body was over 300 pounds. 2. a heavy or oppressive burden or responsibility. 3. the weight of a railroad car, truck, etc., as distinct from its load or contents.… …   Universalium

  • dead weight — noun a) unremitting heavy weight that does not move She wants to shed the dead weight of so many stacks of old clutter. b) that which is useless or excess; that which slows something down …   Wiktionary

  • dead weight — /dɛd ˈweɪt/ (say ded wayt) noun 1. the heavy, unrelieved weight of anything inert. 2. a heavy or oppressive burden. 3. Nautical the difference in weight, displacement, etc., between a ship or other vehicle when loaded and when empty. Abbrev.: dwt …   Australian English dictionary

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