darnel
darnel dar"nel (d[a^]r"n[e^]l), n. [OE. darnel, dernel, of uncertain origin; cf. dial. F. darnelle, Sw. d[*a]r-repe; perh. named from a supposed intoxicating quality of the plant, and akin to Sw. d[*a]ra to infatuate, OD. door foolish, G. thor fool, and Ee. dizzy.] (Bot.) Any grass of the genus {Lolium}, esp. the {Lolium temulentum} (bearded darnel), the grains of which have been reputed poisonous. Other species, as {Lolium perenne} (rye grass or ray grass), and its variety {Lolium Italicum} (Italian rye grass), are highly esteemed for pasture and for making hay. [1913 Webster]

Note: Under darnel our early herbalists comprehended all kinds of cornfield weeds. --Dr. Prior. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • darnel — from dial. Fr. darnelle; the first element is obscure, the second is said to be O.Fr. neelle (Mod.Fr. nielle) cockle, from V.L. nigella black seeded, from fem. of L. nigellus blackish …   Etymology dictionary

  • darnel — [där′nəl] n. [ME < Fr dial. (Wal) darnelle, prob. < OFr dial. darnu, stupefied (< Frank * darn) + niella < VL nigella, black caraway < L niger, black: so called from its supposed stupefying qualities] a weedy rye grass (Lolium… …   English World dictionary

  • darnel — nelaboji svidrė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Miglinių šeimos vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Lolium temulentum), kilęs iš Viduržemio pajūrio regiono. atitikmenys: lot. Lolium temulentum angl. bearded darnel; bearded ryegrass; darnel; poison …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • darnel — daugiametė svidrė statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Daugiametė, žemaūgė, retakerė miglinių (Poaceae), seniau varpinių (Gramineae), šeimos pievų ir ganyklų žolė. Nėra ilgaamžė. Didžiausią derlių duoda antrais metais, o vėliau derlingumas …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • darnel — noun Etymology: Middle English Date: 14th century any of several usually weedy ryegrasses (genus Lolium) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • darnel — /dahr nl/, n. any of several grasses of the genus Lolium, having simple stems, flat leaves, and terminal spikes. [1275 1325; ME; cf. F (Walloon) darnelle, prob. < Gmc] * * * also called  Tare,         noxious weed of the ryegrass (q.v.) genus… …   Universalium

  • darnel — noun Any of several species of ryegrass, genus Lolium …   Wiktionary

  • darnel — dar·nel (dahrґnəl) Lolium temulentum …   Medical dictionary

  • darnel — n. type of grass …   English contemporary dictionary

  • darnel — [ dα:n(ə)l] noun a ryegrass, formerly a common weed of cereals. [Lolium temulentum and other species.] Origin ME: of unknown origin; appar. related to Fr. (Walloon dialect) darnelle …   English new terms dictionary

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