Cytisus scoparius
Broom Broom (br[=oo]m), n. [OE. brom, brome, AS. br[=o]m; akin to LG. bram, D. brem, OHG. br[=a]mo broom, thorn?bush, G. brombeere blackberry. Cf. {Bramble}, n.] 1. (Bot.) A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the {Cytisus scoparius} of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, minute leaves, and large yellow flowers. [1913 Webster]

No gypsy cowered o'er fires of furze and broom. --Wordsworth. [1913 Webster]

2. An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; -- so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom. [1913 Webster]

{Butcher's broom}, a plant ({Ruscus aculeatus}) of the Smilax family, used by butchers for brooms to sweep their blocks; -- called also {knee holly}. See {Cladophyll}.

{Dyer's broom}, a species of mignonette ({Reseda luteola}), used for dyeing yellow; dyer's weed; dyer's rocket.

{Spanish broom}. See under {Spanish}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cytisus scoparius — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • Cytisus scoparius — Genêt à balais Genêt à balais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cytisus scoparius —   Cytisus scoparius …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cytisus scoparius — Besenginster Besenginster (Cytisus scoparius) im Mai. Systematik Unterklasse: Rosenähnliche (Rosidae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cytisus scoparius — Scoparin Sco pa*rin, n. (Chem.) A yellow gelatinous or crystalline substance found in broom ({Cytisus scoparius}) accompanying sparte[ i]ne. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cytisus scoparius — Scotch Scotch, a. [Cf. {Scottish}.] Of or pertaining to Scotland, its language, or its inhabitants; Scottish. [1913 Webster] {Scotch broom} (Bot.), the {Cytisus scoparius}. See {Broom}. {Scotch dipper}, or {Scotch duck} (Zo[ o]l.), the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cytisus scoparius — Sparteine Spar te*ine, n. (Chem.) A narcotic alkaloid extracted from the tops of the common broom ({Cytisus scoparius}, formerly {Spartium scoparium}), as a colorless oily liquid of aniline like odor and very bitter taste. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cytisus scoparius — ID 25111 Symbol Key CYSC4 Common Name Scotch broom Family Fabaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, CA, CT, DC, DE, GA, HI, ID, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MT, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Cytisus scoparius — noun deciduous erect spreading broom native to western Europe; widely cultivated for its rich yellow flowers • Syn: ↑common broom, ↑Scotch broom, ↑green broom • Hypernyms: ↑broom • Member Holonyms: ↑Cytisus, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cytisus scoparius — Alm gyvel …   Danske encyklopædi

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