Cyanogen Cy*an"o*gen (s?-?n"?-j?n), n. [Gr. ky`anos a dark blue substance + -gen: cf. F. cyanog[`e]ne. So called because it produced blue dyes.] (Chem.) A colorless, inflammable, poisonous gas, {C2N2}, with a peach-blossom odor, so called from its tendency to form blue compounds; obtained by heating ammonium oxalate, mercuric cyanide, etc. It is obtained in combination, forming an alkaline cyanide when nitrogen or a nitrogenous compound is strongly ignited with carbon and soda or potash. It conducts itself like a member of the halogen group of elements, and shows a tendency to form complex compounds. The name is also applied to the univalent radical, {CN} (the half molecule of cyanogen proper), which was one of the first compound radicals recognized. [1913 Webster]

Note: Cyanogen is found in the commercial substances, potassium cyanide, or prussiate of potash, yellow prussiate of potash, Prussian blue, Turnbull's blue, prussic acid, etc. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cyanogen — [sī an′ə jən] n. [ CYANO + GEN] 1. a colorless, poisonous, flammable gas, N:C·C:N 2. the radical CN, occurring in cyanides …   English World dictionary

  • Cyanogen — This article is about the chemical compound. For the Android firmware, see CyanogenMod. Cyanogen …   Wikipedia

  • cyanogen — cianas statusas T sritis chemija formulė (CN)₂ atitikmenys: angl. cyanogen rus. дициан; циан ryšiai: sinonimas – dicianas sinonimas – etandinitrilas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • cyanogen — cianas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. cyan; cyanogen vok. Zyan, m rus. циан, m pranc. cyane, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • cyanogen — noun Etymology: French cyanogène, from cyan + gène gen Date: 1816 1. a monovalent group –CN present in cyanides 2. a colorless flammable poisonous gas (CN)2 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cyanogen — /suy an euh jeuhn, jen /, n. 1. a colorless, poisonous, flammable, water soluble gas, C2N2, having an almondlike odor: used chiefly in organic synthesis. 2. See cyano group. [1820 30; CYANO 1 + GEN] * * * …   Universalium

  • cyanogen — noun a) A colourless, poisonous gas used as a rocket propellant, an insecticide and in chemical warfare. b) The pseudohalogen ( …   Wiktionary

  • cyanogen — 1. A compound of two cyano radicals, NC CN. 2. Highly toxic compounds (general formula X CN, where X is a halogen) that are used in chemical syntheses and as tissue preservatives. An example is c. bromide. c. chloride CNCl; a highly volatile… …   Medical dictionary

  • Cyanogen — Cy|a|no|gen [↑ Cyan (1) u. ↑ gen], das; s: veralteter Name sowohl für ↑ Dicyan als auch für die Gruppe NC , z. B. in den Namen von Pseudohalogenanaloga wie Cyanogenbromid (↑ Bromcyan) oder Cyanogenchlorid (↑ Cyanurchlorid). Vgl. cyanogenes… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cyanogen — cy·an·o·gen || saɪ ænÉ™dʒɪn n. poisonous gas (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

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