Crotalaria juncea
Hemp Hemp (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp, Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka`nnabis, ka`nnabos; cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from some other language at an early time. Cf. {Cannabine}, {Canvas}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Cannabis} ({Cannabis sativa}), the fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants yielding fiber. [1913 Webster]

2. The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning. The name has also been extended to various fibers resembling the true hemp. [1913 Webster]

{African hemp}, {Bowstring hemp}. See under {African}, and {Bowstring}.

{Bastard hemp}, the Asiatic herb {Datisca cannabina}.

{Canada hemp}, a species of dogbane ({Apocynum cannabinum}), the fiber of which was used by the Indians.

{Hemp agrimony}, a coarse, composite herb of Europe ({Eupatorium cannabinum}), much like the American boneset.

{Hemp nettle}, a plant of the genus {Galeopsis} ({Galeopsis Tetrahit}), belonging to the Mint family.

{Indian hemp}. See under {Indian}, a.

{Manila hemp}, the fiber of {Musa textilis}.

{Sisal hemp}, the fiber of {Agave sisalana}, of Mexico and Yucatan.

{Sunn hemp}, a fiber obtained from a leguminous plant ({Crotalaria juncea}).

{Water hemp}, an annual American weed ({Acnida cannabina}), related to the amaranth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crotalaria juncea — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eud …   Wikipedia

  • Crotalaria juncea — Crotalaria Crot a*la ri*a (kr?t ? l? r? ? or kr? t? l? r? A), n. [NL. See {Crotalum}.] (Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants; rattlebox. [1913 Webster] Note: {Crotalaria juncea} furnishes the fiber called sunn or Bombay hemp. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crotalaria juncea — vikšrinis barškūnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos pašarinis, pluoštinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Crotalaria juncea), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Crotalaria juncea angl. Indian hemp; Madras hemp; sann… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Crotalaria juncea — Sunn Sunn, n. [Hind. san, fr. Skr. [,c]ana.] (Bot.) An East Indian leguminous plant ({Crotalaria juncea}) and its fiber, which is also called {sunn hemp}. [Written also {sun}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crotalaria juncea — ID 22969 Symbol Key CRJU Common Name sunn hemp Family Fabaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, HI, PR, VI Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Crotalaria Juncea — L. Sun hemp (E) . The leaves and young pods have served as famine foods in India. Some species are good cattle feed, others are poisonous; some serve for bird food, others do not …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • CROTALARIA JUNCEA L. - КРОТАЛЯРИЯ СИТНИКОВАЯ — см. 424. Однолетнее растение. С. juncea L. К. ситниковая Sp. pl. (1753) 714. Фл. СССР XI (1945) 47. Wealth of India II (1950). Иванова и Мещерюк (1954) 110. Watt, Breyer (1962) 585. S y n. С. benghalensis Lam.; C. sericea Willd. (non Retz.); C.… …   Справочник растений

  • Crotalaria juncea L. — Symbol CRJU Common Name sunn hemp Botanical Family Fabaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Crotalaria — Blütenstand von Crotalaria naragutensis Systematik Eurosiden I Ordnung: Schme …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crotalaria — Crot a*la ri*a (kr?t ? l? r? ? or kr? t? l? r? A), n. [NL. See {Crotalum}.] (Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants; rattlebox. [1913 Webster] Note: {Crotalaria juncea} furnishes the fiber called sunn or Bombay hemp. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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