Cross of Calvary
Cross Cross (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise}, {Crux}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T, or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the execution of criminals. [1913 Webster]

Nailed to the cross By his own nation. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom. [1913 Webster]

The custom of making the sign of the cross with the hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or preserving from evil, is very old. --Schaff-Herzog Encyc. [1913 Webster]

Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

Tis where the cross is preached. --Cowper. [1913 Webster]

3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune. [1913 Webster]

Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general. [1913 Webster]

I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I think you have no money in your purse. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it. [1913 Webster]

6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross; a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London. [1913 Webster]

Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone, Rose on a turret octagon. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above. [1913 Webster]

8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write. [1913 Webster]

Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names and crosses. --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster]

10. A line drawn across or through another line. [1913 Webster]

11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind. [1913 Webster]

Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord Dufferin. [1913 Webster]

12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course. [1913 Webster]

13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle. [1913 Webster]

{Cross and pile}, a game with money, at which it is put to chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or reverse; the game called {heads or tails}.

{Cross bottony} or

{Cross botton['e]}. See under {Bottony}.

{Cross estoil['e]} (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having four long points only.

{Cross of Calvary}. See {Calvary}, 3.

{Southern cross}. (Astron.) See under {Southern}.

{To do a thing on the cross}, to act dishonestly; -- opposed to acting on the square. [Slang]

{To take up the cross}, to bear troubles and afflictions with patience from love to Christ. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cross of Calvary — cross′ of Cal′vary n. rel a Latin cross with a representation of steps beneath it …   From formal English to slang

  • cross of Calvary — noun a Latin cross set on three steps • Syn: ↑Calvary cross • Hypernyms: ↑Cross * * * Usage: usually capitalized 2d C : calvary cross * * * a Latin cross with a representation of steps beneath it. See illus. under cross …   Useful english dictionary

  • cross of Calvary — a Latin cross with a representation of steps beneath it. See illus. under cross. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cross — (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise}, {Crux}.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross and pile — Cross Cross (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross botton'e — Cross Cross (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross bottony — Cross Cross (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross estoil'e — Cross Cross (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calvary cross — noun a Latin cross set on three steps • Syn: ↑cross of Calvary • Hypernyms: ↑Cross * * * noun Usage: usually capitalized 1st C : a Latin cross set upon three steps or upon a mount called also cross Calvary, cross of Calvary * * * Calvary cross …   Useful english dictionary

  • Calvary cross — Cal′vary cross n. rel cross of Calvary • Etymology: 1670–80 …   From formal English to slang

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