Cross
Cross Cross (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise}, {Crux}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T, or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the execution of criminals. [1913 Webster]

Nailed to the cross By his own nation. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom. [1913 Webster]

The custom of making the sign of the cross with the hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or preserving from evil, is very old. --Schaff-Herzog Encyc. [1913 Webster]

Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

Tis where the cross is preached. --Cowper. [1913 Webster]

3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune. [1913 Webster]

Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general. [1913 Webster]

I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I think you have no money in your purse. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it. [1913 Webster]

6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross; a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London. [1913 Webster]

Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone, Rose on a turret octagon. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above. [1913 Webster]

8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write. [1913 Webster]

Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names and crosses. --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster]

10. A line drawn across or through another line. [1913 Webster]

11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind. [1913 Webster]

Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord Dufferin. [1913 Webster]

12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course. [1913 Webster]

13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle. [1913 Webster]

{Cross and pile}, a game with money, at which it is put to chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or reverse; the game called {heads or tails}.

{Cross bottony} or

{Cross botton['e]}. See under {Bottony}.

{Cross estoil['e]} (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having four long points only.

{Cross of Calvary}. See {Calvary}, 3.

{Southern cross}. (Astron.) See under {Southern}.

{To do a thing on the cross}, to act dishonestly; -- opposed to acting on the square. [Slang]

{To take up the cross}, to bear troubles and afflictions with patience from love to Christ. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CROSS — {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres   Sigles de trois lettres AAA à DZZ EAA à HZZ IAA à LZZ MAA à PZZ QAA à TZZ UAA à XZZ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cross — (kr[o^]s), a. 1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting. [1913 Webster] The cross refraction of the second prism. Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster] 2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cross — [ krɔs ] n. m. • 1892; de cross country 1 ♦ Course à pied en terrain varié et difficile, avec des obstacles. Faire du cross. Champion de cross. ♢ Épreuve disputée sur un tel parcours. Disputer les cross de la saison. Fam. Parcours fait en courant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cross — [krôs, kräs] n. [< ME cros & crois; cros < OE cros & ON kross, both < OIr cros < L crux (gen. crucis), a cross < IE * kreuk , extension of base * (s)ker , to turn, bend > L curvus; ME crois < OFr < L crux] 1. an upright… …   English World dictionary

  • cross — ► NOUN 1) a mark, object, or figure formed by two short intersecting lines or pieces (+ or x). 2) an upright post with a transverse bar, as used in antiquity for crucifixion. 3) a cross shaped decoration awarded for bravery or indicating rank in… …   English terms dictionary

  • Cross — (engl. = Kreuz) steht für: einen Familiennamen; Namensträger siehe Cross (Familienname) Cross (Boxen), eine Schlagtechnik beim Boxen Cross, beim Tennis ein diagonal geschlagener Ball The Cross, eine britische Band Crossrad ein Zwischen oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cross — cross·abil·i·ty; cross·able; cross·ette; cross·ite; cross·jack; cross·ly; cross·ness; cross·tie; cross·ways; cross·word·er; re·cross; un·cross; au·to·cross; cross·court; mo·to·cross; criss·cross; cross·er; in·ter·cross; poly·cross; cross·tied; …   English syllables

  • cross — I (disagree with) verb act in opposition to, argue, be opposed to, collide, conflict with, confront, confute, contend, contest, contradict, contravene, controvert, debate, defy, dispute, gainsay, homini obsistere, make a stand against, neutralize …   Law dictionary

  • Cross — Cross, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crossed} (kr[o^]st; 115); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crossing}.] 1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms. [1913 Webster] 2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cross — [adj] very angry; in a bad mood annoyed, cantankerous, captious, caviling, choleric, churlish, crabby*, cranky, crotchety*, crusty, disagreeable, faultfinding, fractious, fretful, grouchy, grumpy, ill humored, ill tempered, impatient, irascible,… …   New thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”