Crank shaft
Crank Crank (kr[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. cranke; akin to E. cringe, cringle, crinkle, and to crank, a., the root meaning, probably, ``to turn, twist.'' See {Cringe}.] 1. (Mach.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the end of a shaft, by which motion is imparted to or received from it; also used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion. See {Bell crank}. [1913 Webster]

2. Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage. [1913 Webster]

So many turning cranks these have, so many crooks. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. A twist or turn in speech; a conceit consisting in a change of the form or meaning of a word. [1913 Webster]

Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. A twist or turn of the mind; caprice; whim; crotchet; also, a fit of temper or passion. [Prov. Eng.] [1913 Webster]

Violent of temper; subject to sudden cranks. --Carlyle. [1913 Webster]

5. A person full of crotchets; one given to fantastic or impracticable projects; one whose judgment is perverted in respect to a particular matter. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

6. A sick person; an invalid. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Thou art a counterfeit crank, a cheater. --Burton. [1913 Webster]

{Crank axle} (Mach.), a driving axle formed with a crank or cranks, as in some kinds of locomotives.

{Crank pin} (Mach.), the cylindrical piece which forms the handle, or to which the connecting rod is attached, at the end of a crank, or between the arms of a double crank.

{Crank shaft}, a shaft bent into a crank, or having a crank fastened to it, by which it drives or is driven.

{Crank wheel}, a wheel acting as a crank, or having a wrist to which a connecting rod is attached. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • crank|shaft — «KRANGK SHAFT, SHAHFT», noun. a shaft turning or turned by a crank. The crankshaft of an automobile engine is attached to the connecting rods and transfers power from the pistons to the clutch and transmission …   Useful english dictionary

  • crank·shaft — /ˈkræŋkˌʃæft, Brit ˈkræŋkˌʃɑːft/ noun, pl shafts [count] technical : a long metal piece that connects a vehicle s engine to the wheels and helps turn them …   Useful english dictionary

  • Crank — (kr[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. cranke; akin to E. cringe, cringle, crinkle, and to crank, a., the root meaning, probably, to turn, twist. See {Cringe}.] 1. (Mach.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the end of a shaft …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crank axle — Crank Crank (kr[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. cranke; akin to E. cringe, cringle, crinkle, and to crank, a., the root meaning, probably, to turn, twist. See {Cringe}.] 1. (Mach.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crank pin — Crank Crank (kr[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. cranke; akin to E. cringe, cringle, crinkle, and to crank, a., the root meaning, probably, to turn, twist. See {Cringe}.] 1. (Mach.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crank wheel — Crank Crank (kr[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. cranke; akin to E. cringe, cringle, crinkle, and to crank, a., the root meaning, probably, to turn, twist. See {Cringe}.] 1. (Mach.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crank (mechanism) — A crank is an arm attached at right angles to a rotating shaft by which reciprocating motion is imparted to or received from the shaft. It is used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion. The arm may be …   Wikipedia

  • Crank — may refer to: Contents 1 Mechanism 2 People 3 Places 4 …   Wikipedia

  • crank — crank1 [kraŋk] n. [ME < OE cranc , as in crancstæf, yarn comb, CRINGE, CRINKLE: basic sense “something twisted”: for IE base see CRADLE] 1. a handle or arm bent at right angles and connected to a shaft of a machine, used to transmit motion or… …   English World dictionary

  • crank — Ⅰ. crank [1] ► NOUN ▪ a part of an axle or shaft bent out at right angles, for converting reciprocal to circular motion and vice versa. ► VERB 1) turn a crankshaft or handle. 2) (crank up) informal increase the intensity of. 3) ( …   English terms dictionary

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