Crab spider

Crab spider
Crab Crab (kr[a^]b), n. [AS. crabba; akin to D. krab, G. krabbe, krebs, Icel. krabbi, Sw. krabba, Dan. krabbe, and perh. to E. cramp. Cf. {Crawfish}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) One of the brachyuran Crustacea. They are mostly marine, and usually have a broad, short body, covered with a strong shell or carapace. The abdomen is small and curled up beneath the body. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name is applied to all the Brachyura, and to certain Anomura, as the hermit crabs. Formerly, it was sometimes applied to Crustacea in general. Many species are edible, the blue crab of the Atlantic coast being one of the most esteemed. The large European edible crab is {Cancer padurus}. {Soft-shelled crabs} are blue crabs that have recently cast their shells. See {Cancer}; also, {Box crab}, {Fiddler crab}, {Hermit crab}, {Spider crab}, etc., under {Box}, {Fiddler}. etc. [1913 Webster]

2. The zodiacal constellation Cancer. [1913 Webster]

3. [See {Crab}, a.] (Bot.) A crab apple; -- so named from its harsh taste. [1913 Webster]

When roasted crabs hiss in the bowl, Then nightly sings the staring owl. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. A cudgel made of the wood of the crab tree; a crabstick. [Obs.] --Garrick. [1913 Webster]

5. (Mech.) (a) A movable winch or windlass with powerful gearing, used with derricks, etc. (b) A form of windlass, or geared capstan, for hauling ships into dock, etc. (c) A machine used in ropewalks to stretch the yarn. (d) A claw for anchoring a portable machine. [1913 Webster]

{Calling crab}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Fiddler}., n., 2.

{Crab apple}, a small, sour apple, of several kinds; also, the tree which bears it; as, the European crab apple ({Pyrus Malus} var. sylvestris); the Siberian crab apple ({Pyrus baccata}); and the American ({Pyrus coronaria}).

{Crab grass}. (Bot.) (a) A grass ({Digitaria sanguinalis} syn. {Panicum sanguinalis}); -- called also {finger grass}. (b) A grass of the genus {Eleusine} ({Eleusine Indica}); -- called also {dog's-tail grass}, {wire grass}, etc.

{Crab louse} (Zo["o]l.), a species of louse ({Phthirius pubis}), sometimes infesting the human body.

{Crab plover} (Zo["o]l.), an Asiatic plover ({Dromas ardeola}).

{Crab's eyes}, or {Crab's stones}, masses of calcareous matter found, at certain seasons of the year, on either side of the stomach of the European crawfishes, and formerly used in medicine for absorbent and antacid purposes; the gastroliths.

{Crab spider} (Zo["o]l.), one of a group of spiders ({Laterigrad[ae]}); -- called because they can run backwards or sideways like a crab.

{Crab tree}, the tree that bears crab applies.

{Crab wood}, a light cabinet wood obtained in Guiana, which takes a high polish. --McElrath.

{To catch a crab} (Naut.), a phrase used of a rower: (a) when he fails to raise his oar clear of the water; (b) when he misses the water altogether in making a stroke. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • crab spider — n. any of a family (Thomisidae) of spiders that move sideways like crabs …   English World dictionary

  • Crab spider — Not to be confused with spider crab. Crab spiders Ozyptila praticola Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • crab spider — any crab shaped spider of the family Thomisidae, characterized by its sideways manner of moving. [1860 65] * * * ▪ spider  family of spiders (order Araneida) that are crablike in shape and, like many crabs, often walk sideways or backward. The… …   Universalium

  • crab spider — noun a spider with long front legs that moves with a crablike sideways motion. [Family Thomisidae: many species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • crab spider — /ˈkræb spaɪdə/ (say krab spuyduh) noun a well camouflaged spider, Synalus angustus, found on the bark of trees, which does not build a web but catches insects with its spined legs …   Australian English dictionary

  • crab spider — noun Date: 1861 any of a family (Thomisidae) of spiders that resemble crabs in shape and in being able to walk forward, backward, and sideways …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • crab spider — noun Any species of the family Thomisidae, spiders that hunt in flowers …   Wiktionary

  • crab spider — noun : any of the numerous spiders that make up the family Thomisidae and resemble crabs in attitude and in ability to run sideways …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flower crab spider — Misumena vatia female Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Wall crab spider — Taxobox name = Wall crab spiders image width = 250px image caption = Selenops sp. regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Arachnida ordo = Araneae zoosectio = Entelegynae superfamilia = Selenopioidea familia = Selenopidae familia… …   Wikipedia

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