Crab louse

Crab louse
Crab Crab (kr[a^]b), n. [AS. crabba; akin to D. krab, G. krabbe, krebs, Icel. krabbi, Sw. krabba, Dan. krabbe, and perh. to E. cramp. Cf. {Crawfish}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) One of the brachyuran Crustacea. They are mostly marine, and usually have a broad, short body, covered with a strong shell or carapace. The abdomen is small and curled up beneath the body. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name is applied to all the Brachyura, and to certain Anomura, as the hermit crabs. Formerly, it was sometimes applied to Crustacea in general. Many species are edible, the blue crab of the Atlantic coast being one of the most esteemed. The large European edible crab is {Cancer padurus}. {Soft-shelled crabs} are blue crabs that have recently cast their shells. See {Cancer}; also, {Box crab}, {Fiddler crab}, {Hermit crab}, {Spider crab}, etc., under {Box}, {Fiddler}. etc. [1913 Webster]

2. The zodiacal constellation Cancer. [1913 Webster]

3. [See {Crab}, a.] (Bot.) A crab apple; -- so named from its harsh taste. [1913 Webster]

When roasted crabs hiss in the bowl, Then nightly sings the staring owl. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. A cudgel made of the wood of the crab tree; a crabstick. [Obs.] --Garrick. [1913 Webster]

5. (Mech.) (a) A movable winch or windlass with powerful gearing, used with derricks, etc. (b) A form of windlass, or geared capstan, for hauling ships into dock, etc. (c) A machine used in ropewalks to stretch the yarn. (d) A claw for anchoring a portable machine. [1913 Webster]

{Calling crab}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Fiddler}., n., 2.

{Crab apple}, a small, sour apple, of several kinds; also, the tree which bears it; as, the European crab apple ({Pyrus Malus} var. sylvestris); the Siberian crab apple ({Pyrus baccata}); and the American ({Pyrus coronaria}).

{Crab grass}. (Bot.) (a) A grass ({Digitaria sanguinalis} syn. {Panicum sanguinalis}); -- called also {finger grass}. (b) A grass of the genus {Eleusine} ({Eleusine Indica}); -- called also {dog's-tail grass}, {wire grass}, etc.

{Crab louse} (Zo["o]l.), a species of louse ({Phthirius pubis}), sometimes infesting the human body.

{Crab plover} (Zo["o]l.), an Asiatic plover ({Dromas ardeola}).

{Crab's eyes}, or {Crab's stones}, masses of calcareous matter found, at certain seasons of the year, on either side of the stomach of the European crawfishes, and formerly used in medicine for absorbent and antacid purposes; the gastroliths.

{Crab spider} (Zo["o]l.), one of a group of spiders ({Laterigrad[ae]}); -- called because they can run backwards or sideways like a crab.

{Crab tree}, the tree that bears crab applies.

{Crab wood}, a light cabinet wood obtained in Guiana, which takes a high polish. --McElrath.

{To catch a crab} (Naut.), a phrase used of a rower: (a) when he fails to raise his oar clear of the water; (b) when he misses the water altogether in making a stroke. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • crab-louse — crabˈ louse noun A crab shaped parasitic louse (Pthirus pubis) infesting the hair of the pubis, etc in humans • • • Main Entry: ↑crab …   Useful english dictionary

  • crab louse — n. a crab shaped human louse (Phthirus pubis) that infests the pubic regions, armpits, etc. * * * …   Universalium

  • crab louse — n, pl crab lice a sucking louse of the genus Pthirus (P. pubis) infesting the pubic region of the human body * * * see Phthirus * * * Phthirus pubis …   Medical dictionary

  • crab louse — n. a crab shaped human louse (Phthirus pubis) that infests the pubic regions, armpits, etc …   English World dictionary

  • crab louse — crab′ louse n. ent a crablike louse, Phthirus pubis, that infests pubic hair and other body hair in humans • Etymology: 1540–50 …   From formal English to slang

  • crab louse — ► NOUN ▪ a louse that infests human body hair …   English terms dictionary

  • Crab louse — This article is about the animal. For the disease known as crab lice, see Pediculosis pubis. Crab louse Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • crab louse — noun a louse that infests the pubic region of the human body • Syn: ↑pubic louse, ↑crab, ↑Phthirius pubis • Hypernyms: ↑louse, ↑sucking louse • Member Holonyms: ↑Phthirius, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • crab louse — noun A parasitic insect, Phthirus pubis, that lives amongst the pubic hairs of humans and feeds on blood. Syn: crab, pubic louse …   Wiktionary

  • crab louse — noun Date: 1547 a sucking louse (Phthirus pubis) infesting the pubic region of the human body …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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