County Coun"ty (koun"t[y^]), n.; pl. {Counties} (-t[i^]z). [F. comt['e], fr. LL. comitatus. See {Count}.] 1. An earldom; the domain of a count or earl. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

2. A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a {shire}. See {Shire}. [1913 Webster]

Every county, every town, every family, was in agitation. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

3. A count; an earl or lord. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{County commissioners}. See {Commissioner}.

{County corporate}, a city or town having the privilege to be a county by itself, and to be governed by its own sheriffs and other magistrates, irrespective of the officers of the county in which it is situated; as London, York, Bristol, etc. [Eng.] --Mozley & W.

{County court}, a court whose jurisdiction is limited to county.

{County palatine}, a county distinguished by particular privileges; -- so called a palatio (from the palace), because the owner had originally royal powers, or the same powers, in the administration of justice, as the king had in his palace; but these powers are now abridged. The counties palatine, in England, are Lancaster, Chester, and Durham.

{County rates}, rates levied upon the county, and collected by the boards of guardians, for the purpose of defraying the expenses to which counties are liable, such as repairing bridges, jails, etc. [Eng.]

{County seat}, a county town. [U.S.]

{County sessions}, the general quarter sessions of the peace for each county, held four times a year. [Eng.]

{County town}, the town of a county, where the county business is transacted; a shire town. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • County — [ˈkaʊnti] ist die englische Bezeichnung für Grafschaft. Vielfach wird die historische Bezeichnung jedoch auch für politische Verwaltungseinheiten bzw. Landkreise verwendet, denen keine Adelspersonen vorstehen. Siehe hierzu: Grafschaft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • county — index province, region, venue Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 county …   Law dictionary

  • County — County: графство округ Уезды КНР Hyundai County  Автобус Административно территориальная единица США «County» чаще переводится на русский язык как «округ», но иногда встречается перевод как «графство» …   Википедия

  • County — (spr. Kaunti, d. i. Grafschaft, ursprünglich das Besitzthum eines Grafen [Count], officielle Abkürzung: Co.), in England u. dessen Colonien, sowie in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika eine politische Eintheilung, ungefähr den preußischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • county — ► NOUN (pl. counties) 1) a territorial division of some countries, forming the chief unit of local administration. 2) US a political and administrative division of a state. 3) (before another noun ) Brit. of or denoting the upper class landed… …   English terms dictionary

  • county — [kount′ē] n. pl. counties [ME counte < OFr conté < ML comitatus, jurisdiction of a count or earl < L comes: see COUNT2] 1. a small administrative district of a country; esp., ☆ a) the largest local administrative subdivision of most… …   English World dictionary

  • County — (engl., spr. kauntĭ, »Grafschaft«), in England und dessen Kolonien sowie in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika politische Einteilung, entspricht etwa dem Kreis oder Departement; sie stammt aus den Zeiten der Eroberung Englands durch die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • County — (engl., spr. kauntĭ), Grafschaft; in England und dessen Kolonien sowie in den Ver. Staaten von Amerika polit. Einteilung, dem Kreise oder Departement entsprechend. C. boroughs, s. Borough; C. councils, s. Council …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • County — (Kaunti), engl., Grafschaft …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • county — c.1300, from Anglo Fr. counte, from L.L. comitatus jurisdiction of a count, from L. comes (see COUNT (Cf. count) (n.)); replaced O.E. scir shire …   Etymology dictionary

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