Cotton gin

Cotton gin
Cotton Cot"ton (k[o^]t"t'n), n. [F. coton, Sp. algodon the cotton plant and its wool, coton printed cotton, cloth, fr. Ar. qutun, alqutun, cotton wool. Cf. {Acton}, {Hacqueton}.] 1. A soft, downy substance, resembling fine wool, consisting of the unicellular twisted hairs which grow on the seeds of the cotton plant. Long-staple cotton has a fiber sometimes almost two inches long; short-staple, from two thirds of an inch to an inch and a half. [1913 Webster]

2. The cotton plant. See {Cotten plant}, below. [1913 Webster]

3. Cloth made of cotton. [1913 Webster]

Note: Cotton is used as an adjective before many nouns in a sense which commonly needs no explanation; as, cotton bagging; cotton cloth; cotton goods; cotton industry; cotton mill; cotton spinning; cotton tick. [1913 Webster]

{Cotton cambric}. See {Cambric}, n., 2.

{Cotton flannel}, the manufactures' name for a heavy cotton fabric, twilled, and with a long plush nap. In England it is called {swan's-down cotton}, or {Canton flannel}.

{Cotton gin}, a machine to separate the seeds from cotton, invented by Eli Whitney.

{Cotton grass} (Bot.), a genus of plants ({Eriphorum}) of the Sedge family, having delicate capillary bristles surrounding the fruit (seedlike achenia), which elongate at maturity and resemble tufts of cotton.

{Cotton mouse} (Zool.), a field mouse ({Hesperomys gossypinus}), injurious to cotton crops.

{Cotton plant} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Gossypium}, of several species, all growing in warm climates, and bearing the cotton of commerce. The common species, originally Asiatic, is {Gossypium herbaceum}.

{Cotton press}, a building and machinery in which cotton bales are compressed into smaller bulk for shipment; a press for baling cotton.

{Cotton rose} (Bot.), a genus of composite herbs ({Filago}), covered with a white substance resembling cotton.

{Cotton scale} (Zo["o]l.), a species of bark louse ({Pulvinaria innumerabilis}), which does great damage to the cotton plant.

{Cotton shrub}. Same as Cotton plant.

{Cotton stainer} (Zo["o]l.), a species of hemipterous insect ({Dysdercus suturellus}), which seriously damages growing cotton by staining it; -- called also {redbug}.

{Cotton thistle} (Bot.), the Scotch thistle. See under {Thistle}.

{Cotton velvet}, velvet in which the warp and woof are both of cotton, and the pile is of silk; also, velvet made wholly of cotton.

{Cotton waste}, the refuse of cotton mills.

{Cotton wool}, cotton in its raw or woolly state.

{Cotton worm} (Zool.), a lepidopterous insect ({Aletia argillacea}), which in the larval state does great damage to the cotton plant by eating the leaves. It also feeds on corn, etc., and hence is often called {corn worm}, and {Southern army worm}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cotton gin — n [Date: 1700 1800; Origin: gin machine 1300 1400 From Old French engin engine ] a machine that separates the seeds of a cotton plant from the cotton …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • cotton gin — ☆ cotton gin n. [see GIN2] a machine for separating cotton fibers from the seeds …   English World dictionary

  • Cotton Gin —   [ kɔtn dʒɪn, englisch], von E. Whitney 1793 erfundenes einfaches Gerät, das durch Entkernung der kurzfaserigen amerikanischen Baumwolle deren Verarbeitung und damit ihren Anbau rentabel machte und somit die Voraussetzung für die Ausbreitung der …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cotton gin — Eli Whitney s cotton gin patent, March 14, 1794 …   Wikipedia

  • cotton gin — noun a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers • Syn: ↑gin • Derivationally related forms: ↑gin (for: ↑gin) • Hypernyms: ↑machine * * * noun, pl ⋯ gins [cou …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cotton Gin — Patent für Cotton Gin vom 14. März 1794 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cotton gin — a machine for separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds. [1790 1800, Amer.] * * * Machine for cleaning cotton of its seeds. The design that became standard was invented in the U.S. by Eli Whitney in 1793. The mechanization of spinning in… …   Universalium

  • Cotton gin — Le Cotton gin, inventé en 1793 en Georgie par l américain Eli Whitney, est une machine égreneuse, pour séparer la graine du coton de sa fibre. La machine, précédée par l invention en 1778[1] du roller gin[2] par Kinsey Burden[3], planteur de coto …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cotton gin — cot′ton gin n. tex a machine for separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds Also called gin II, 1) Etymology: 1790–1800, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • cotton gin — noun a) A machine used for separating cotton fibers from cotton seeds, etc. b) Any mechanism that separates one person from another, whether it be distance, time, or apathy …   Wiktionary

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